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1926 Trojan 3-door, 10hp tourer

Made 1926
Automobile, full size, Trojan, 10 hp, tourer, 3-door, 5-passenger, steel/leather/rubber/glass/canvas/timber, made by Leyland Motors Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey, England, 1926

The Trojan is fitted with a three-door, five-passenger touring body of timber sheathed in metal, with a canvas hood. Seating is on two, high-perched bench seats. One door is located on the driver's side and two are on the nearside for passengers. These have pockets in the leather interior trim. A spare wheel is carried on the off-side running board just forward of the driver's door. The chassis comprises two channel sections with steel sheeting riveted across the bottom and ends to form a punt-like shape which is spanned by transverse sections and tubes. Springing is by long, cantilevered leaf springs. The engine lies along the nearside of the car under the passenger's feet. The bonnet conceals only the fuel tank, steering box, carburettor and horn. The battery is on the running board, and the coil and distributor are behind the removable side panel below the passenger doors. The engine is a 4-cylinder, water-cooled, 1.5 litre, two-stroke model. Each pair of cylinders share a common combustion chamber and spark plug, and the engine contains two separate crankcases. (The idea was that if one "side" of the engine failed the car could still be driven on the other "side"). The crankcase, epicyclic gearbox and chain drive sprocket are transversely mounted under the driver's seat. The tubular rear axle is driven by a duplex chain via a sprocket on the offside wheel. The chain is partly lubricated by oil spillage from the gearbox. The nearside rear wheel has the one, wheel-mounted brake, an 11 in (28 cm) drum with two internal-expanding shoes operated from the foot pedal. The generator and headlights are by Miller and coil ignition by Delco-Remy. The dashboard is austere with a glovebox, ammeter and a speedometer with odometer. A single three-position switch commands the ignition and turns on the fuel reserve. Three push-pull knobs control the headlights, dimmer and an under dash lamp which illuminates the floor, and engine underneath when necessary. A long handled petrol/air ratio lever enables fine mixture adjustments via the main carburettor jet to be made while running. A single windscreen wiper blade is manually operated with a handle projecting from the top of the windscreen frame. The floor controls from left to right comprise: a foot-operated priming pump; a clutch though not generally needed; a footbrake; and accelerator. At the driver's right hand side is the starting handle to turn the engine over, and a gear lever which resembles a handbrake.

Specifications

Engine: 2 stroke, water cooled
Rating: 10 hp (7.5 kW)
Cylinders: 2 (double)
Bore and stroke: 2½ inch (6.4 cm) x 4¾ inch (12.1 cm)
Capacity: 1.5 litre
Valves: none
Output: 11 bhp (8.2 kW) at 1,200 rpm
Cooling: vertical-tube radiator, thermo-syphon, no fan
Ignition: Battery and high tension coil
Gears: 2 forward, 1 reverse
Top gear ratio: 4 to 1
Low gear ratio: 12 to 1
Reverse gear ratio: 16.8 to 1
Transmission: 2 speed epicyclic gearbox
Drive: chain to rear axle
Brakes: 11 inch (28 cm) drum on one rear wheel
Wheelbase: 8 feet (2.4 m)
Track: 4 feet (1.2 m)
Wheels: steel disc
Top speed in high gear: 30 mph (48.3 kph) at 1500 rpm
Top speed in low gear: 10 mph (16.1 kph)
Acceleration: 0-20 mph (0-32.2 kph) in 25 seconds
Fuel consumption: 40 mpg (7.1 litres per 100 km)
Lubrication: Petroil system
Price in 1926: 125 pounds


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