Digging up gold - mining equipment from the Australian goldrush

Set by
Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences

View Objects
The first and easiest gold to mine in Australia was the alluvial gold found in creek beds. Deep alluvial gold could also be mined from former underground watercourses. These were the deposits which could be exploited by the digger, the iconic prospector from Australian history.

The equipment used for surface alluvial mining was cheap, portable and easy to use. The pan and gold washing cradle were imported from California and used gravity to separate the gold (gold is heavier than water and th...