We acknowledge Australia’s First Nations Peoples as the Traditional Owners and Custodians of the land and give respect to Elders – past and present – and through them to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

Digging up gold - mining equipment from the Australian goldrush

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The first and easiest gold to mine in Australia was the alluvial gold found in creek beds. Deep alluvial gold could also be mined from former underground watercourses. These were the deposits which could be exploited by the digger, the iconic prospector from Australian history.

The equipment used for surface alluvial mining was cheap, portable and easy to use. The pan and gold washing cradle were imported from California and used gravity to separate the gold (gold is heavier than water and …