Section of ceiling and cornice, based on Lucien Henry’s designs for the Hotel Australia in Sydney, aluminium/ fibreglass/ plaster/ vacuum formed polyurethane/ paint/ gold leaf, designed by Lucien Henry, 1891, made by T W Ingham & Sons Pty Ltd, South Australia, 2000, painted by the Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia, 2000.

Made by TW Ingham & Sons Pty Ltd in South Australia, Australia, 2000.

Lucien Felix Henry was born in 1850 in Provence, in the south of France. He arrived in Paris to study art in 1867 and was accepted into Gerome’s studio at the Ecoles des Beaux Arts. His studies were disrupted by the Franco-Prussian War and the siege of Paris. He played a leading role in the popular movement to defend the Paris Commune in 1871 as Chef de la Legion, responsible for the defence of the 14th arrondissement. After their defeat, Henry, along with some 4000 other Communards, was incarce...

Summary

2001/31/1
Section of ceiling and cornice, aluminium/ fibreglass/ plaster/ vacuum formed polyurethane/ enamel and acrylic paint/ gold leaf, based on Lucien Henry's design for the Hotel Australia, Sydney, c1891, made by T.W. Ingham & Sons Pty Ltd, South Australia, 2000, painted by the Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia, 2000.

A section of ceiling and cornices based on those designed by Lucien Henry for the public bar at the Hotel Australia. The original ceiling and cornices were manufactured in pressed zinc by Ernest and Alfred Wunderlich and installed for the hotel's opening in July 1891.

The reproduction ceiling is made of aluminium, fibreglass, plaster, vacuum formed polyurethane and medium density fibreboard and consists of alternate waratah and stenocarpus square panels which are mounted to form the ceiling. The ceiling is bounded by a cornice featuring a fern and star frieze and another pattern featuring a starfish and emu egg frieze.

The ceiling and cornices are painted in the colours depicted by Henry in his design for the Hotel Australia's dining hall and ceiling (P3009). This design also featured waratah and stenocarpus patterns and its colour scheme of red, green, blue and gold is readily applicable to those depicted in Henry's monochrome designs (P3005 and P3012). It is probable that Henry's design for a dining hall ceiling was not produced.

The reproduction ceiling and cornice is constructed in sections which were fitted into a display frame for the exhibition, 'Lucien Henry: Visions of a Republic'.

Dimensions

3000 mm
3000 mm

Production

The ceiling of the Hotel Australia public bar is depicted in a photograph held by the State Library of New South Wales. Henry's designs for the waratah and stenocarpus panels are held by the Museum, as P3005(overleaf) 'Square stenocarpus panel for ceiling' and P3012(overleaf), 'Square waratah panel for ceiling'. (These descriptions are those assigned by Henry in his prospectus for Australian decorative arts).

In slightly altered form, the ceiling panels became patterns 0162 and 0163 in Wunderlich's first (1895) catalogue. A ceiling of these 'Australian Panels' was installed that year in the new building later known as George Patterson House,at 252 George Street (largely destroyed by fire in 1996). These patterns lack the indented border of the Hotel Australia panels, while the floral patterns are not as sharply defined as in Henry's drawings. However it would have been difficult to produce such sharp definition in pressed zinc, a fact confirmed by surviving examples from George Patterson House. These patterns did not appear in later Wunderlich catalogues or, apparently, in any other building.

P3010, Elevation, 'Waratah electrolier' includes a detail of a starfish and emu egg frieze designed for the Hotel Australia. There is no extant Lucien Henry design of the fern and star cornice frieze. However elements of this design are featured in Henry's work.

The reproduction ceiling and cornice was manufactured by T.W. Ingham & Sons Pty Ltd. The company also designed and produced the pattern moulds.

2000, based on the original ceiling designed and installed 1890-1891.
TW Ingham & Sons Pty Ltd 2000
Henry, Lucien

Source

Purchased 2001
30 April, 2001

Cite this Object

Section of ceiling and cornice, based on Lucien Henry's designs for the Hotel Australia in Sydney, aluminium/ fibreglass/ plaster/ vacuum formed polyurethane/ paint/ gold leaf, designed by Lucien Henry, 1891, made by T W Ingham & Sons Pty Ltd, South Australia, 2000, painted by the Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia, 2000. 2016, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 28 June 2017, <https://ma.as/9982>
{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/9982 |title=Section of ceiling and cornice, based on Lucien Henry's designs for the Hotel Australia in Sydney, aluminium/ fibreglass/ plaster/ vacuum formed polyurethane/ paint/ gold leaf, designed by Lucien Henry, 1891, made by T W Ingham & Sons Pty Ltd, South Australia, 2000, painted by the Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, Australia, 2000. |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=28 June 2017 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
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