Steam locomotive No. 3830

Made in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1949.

Locomotive 3830 represents the epitome of steam locomotive development in New South Wales. It was the last of the 38 class locomotives to be built and the last passenger locomotive to be designed and built by the New South Wales Government Railways. The 38 class saw the last period of popular rail travel prior to the use of the domestic airlines and the increased popularity of the family car. The 38 class locomotives held off the diesel invasion for over a decade and were gradually relegated to ...


A steam locomotive made of iron, steel and brass, one of the the Pacific type, it features a wide grate firebox requiring manual stoking, one piece, single-cast 19-tonne steel frame incorporating integral cylinders, Boxpok driving wheels, and a combustion chamber extension of the firebox. It has been restored to steaming condition.


Class C38 "Pacific"
Number in class 30
Wheel arrangement 4-6-2
Date in service 27 Sep 1949
Date withdrawn Oct 1967
Builder's No. 182
Cylinders 2 (out)
Frames cast steel bed
Wheels diam.:
Leading 36 in (914 mm)
Driving 69 in (1 752 mm)
Trailing 42 in (1 066 mm)
Valve gear Walschaert
Valves, diameter Piston, 12 in. (304 mm)
Steam pressure 245 psi (1 688 kPa)
Weight 195 tons (198 tonnes)
Tractive effort 36 200 lbf (161 KN)
Reverse gear power assisted
Boiler & firebox 6 ft 6 1/8 in (1 984 mm) max. diameter
heating surface 224.58 sq.ft. (20.66 sq.m.)
grate area 47 sq.ft. (4.32 sq.m.)
Superheater 36 element with smokebox regulator


4300 mm
2950 mm
23300 mm


The 38 class locomotives were designed by the New South Wales Government Railways, under the leadership of Harold Young, last of the railways' "steam" Chief Mechanical Engineers. They were built during the Second World War to replace the slower 36 class engines on intrastate and express train routes. The first five of the class, road numbers 3801 to 3805, were streamlined in accordance with contemporary locomotive design. This comprised streamlined casing along the boiler top and a distinctive bullet nose with a centrally positioned headlight. Painted a wartime austerity shade, these locomotives were soon dubbed "grey nurse" after the notorious man-eating sharks off the New South Wales coast.

The first five locomotives of the 38 class were built by the Clyde Engineering Company at Granville, Sydney, between 1943 and 1945. The streamlined 38s hauled the Southern Express trains to Albury and proved so successful that a further 25 of the class, of more orthodox unstreamlined appearance, were built from 1945 to 1949. Even-numbered engines between 3806 and 3830 were built at the New South Wales Railways' Eveleigh Workshops, while the odd-numbered engines were built at the Cardiff Workshops, Newcastle.

Locomotive 3830 was the last of the 38 class locomotives to be constructed and was built at the Eveleigh Railway Workshops. It went into service on 27 September, 1949.


Purchased 1988
4 January, 1988

Cite this Object

Steam locomotive No. 3830 2017, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 20 November 2017, <>
{{cite web |url= |title=Steam locomotive No. 3830 |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=20 November 2017 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
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