Bowl designed and made by Joungmee Do

Made by Do, Joungmee in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1998.

This rice bowl set by Joungmee Do links traditional Korean culture, metal craft skills and aesthetics with the contemporary practice of Korean-Australian metal craft artists.

Do produced these two covered rice bowls, ubiquitous objects in Korean life, using the traditional Korean jewellery and metal craft technique of jjoeumipsa (inlay). They are created from steel with silver, gold, bronze and odong inlaid wire. The design is inspired by traditional Korean textile patterns, such as those used...

Summary

Object No.

2012/40/2

Physical Description

Covered rice bowl, female bowl, one of pair. The female rice bowl has a hole in the centre of its lid, and is decorated with silver, gold and bronze inlaid wire against a blue-black oxidised steel background. The inlaid patterns are inspired by Korean Joseon dynasty bojagi (wrapping cloths) and the chisel marks covering the surface give the appearance of fabric.

Marks

No marks

Dimensions

Height

180 mm

Weight

2 kg

Production

Notes

Joungmee Do (b.1966) is an established Korean metal artist proficient in the traditional Korean metal techniques of ipsa (metal inlay), which she spent some years perfecting under the tutelage of the Korean master Kyo Joon Choi. She studied in Korea in the 1990s and graduated Master of Arts (Fine Art) at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne, in 1999.

The inspiration for 'Bowls' came from the research Do undertook as part of her Master of Arts (Fine Art) by research in the Department of Gold and Silversmithing at RMIT University, Melbourne, between 1997-1999. Her research focus was ipsa, traditional Korean metal inlay, and bojagi, traditional Korean wrapping cloths, particularly from the Joseon dynasty. Do sees these as connected and equates the act of sewing with thread to that of inlaying metal wire. While undertaking this degree, Do visited the Powerhouse Museum and saw the 'Rapt in colour: Korean textiles and costumes of the Choson dynasty' exhibition (September 1998 - April 1999) and researched bojagi in the Research Library at the Powerhouse Museum. 'Bowls' is Do's final work for her Master of Arts.

Do's artist's statement reveals the historical, cultural and personal nature of these bowls. She states,

'The concept and aesthetic style of these bowls was influenced by the Korean daily utensil, the rice bowl.

The Korean rice bowl is always presented as a pair, one for the male and one for the female. However, the shape differs from most other pairs. The male is always considered to be a be a bit higher than female which derives from a principle called 'Eum-Yang' ...

In linking traditional wrapping cloths to the rice bowls it should be noted that Korean wrapping cloths in Korean culture appear to be as important or aesthetically significant as the object they contain or carried on a special occasion.

When I started making these bowls, I was thinking about my childhood memories, which are linked to the idea of the rice bowl.
Personally a bowl not only acts as a container for object, but also symbolizes a receptacle for the thoughts of myself or someone else.

My bowls could be considered as hollowware or objects. The external and internal metaphors of emotional containment could be applied to anyone.'

Do continues,

'I believe these bowls successfully articulate the richness of the metal surface using traditional Korean metal techniques and associative aspects of the wrapping cloths while translating them into the context of contemporary metalwork. More importantly the influences of working in Australia provided me with the unique opportunity to bridge the conventional Korean gender divide enabling me to combine influence from male and female precincts of my traditional culture.'

Do used the traditional Korean metal craft technique of jjoeumipsa to decorate these bowls, where metal wire is inlaid into the chiselled surface of a metal object, to create a contrasting pattern.

The process of jjoeumipsa begins with the artist temporarily filling the hollow object with pitch (gamtang) to help the object keep its shape. Next, the artist uses a chisel and chasing hammer to create closely spaced indentations across the entire surface of the object in horizontal, vertical and diagonal directions. At this point, the surface of the object has the appearance of woven fabric.

The desired pattern can then be transferred onto the surface of the object and using this as a guide, the flexible gold, silver, bronze and/or odong (95% copper and 5% gold) wire can be inlaid into the grooves created by the chisel. A pointed tool is used to guide the wire, a chisel to cut the wire and ball-peen hammer to hammer it in. A planishing hammer is then used to fasten and polish the inlaid surface of the object.

Traditionally, a black lacquer would be applied to the object, which would serve as a background to the inlaid metal. However, Do used heat oxidisation to darken the surface and maintain the reflective qualities of the steel. On the inside of the bowls, Do painted 5 coats of natural organic resin, heating the bowls for 20-40 minutes at 180 degrees Celsius between each coat.

This jjoeumipsa process requires great skill and much time, these bowls taking 6 hours of work a day for 6-8 months to complete.

Note: Revised Korean romanisation has been used in place of the McCune-Reischauer romanisation. For example: jjoeumipsa in place of choum iybsa, bojagi in place of pojagi, Joseon in place of Choson.

Made

Do, Joungmee 1998

Designed

Do, Joungmee null

History

Notes

Created in 1998, owned by the artist.
These rice bowls were selected for the following exhibitions and awards:
1999 - Award for Design and Craftsmanship in Silversmithing 1999, 6th Biennial Ernest Leviny Commemorative Silver Exhibition, Buda Historic Home and Garden, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia
1999 - 'Talente' exhibition, Munich International Trade Fair, Munich, Germany
1999 - 'Magnetic: contemporary steel' exhibition, Brisbane City Gallery, Brisbane and Object Gallery, Sydney, Australia
2000 - 'Australian silver: contemporary Australian silversmithing' exhibition, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK
2000 - 'Exhibition in Print', SOFA, Chicago, USA
2005 - 'Global Local' exhibition, Object Gallery, Sydney, Australia and Victoria and Albert Museum, UK
2007 - 'Virtual Gallery of Contemporary Fine Metalwork' exhibition, University of Central England, Birmingham, UK
2011 - 'Spirit of jang-in: treasures of Korean metal craft' exhibition, Powerhouse Museum

Source

Credit Line

Purchased with funds from the Yasuko Myer Bequest, 2012

Acquisition Date

30 March 2012

Cite this Object

Harvard

Bowl designed and made by Joungmee Do 2018, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 22 September 2018, <https://ma.as/426222>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/426222 |title=Bowl designed and made by Joungmee Do |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=22 September 2018 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
This object is currently on display in Reflections of Asia: Collectors and Collections at the Powerhouse Museum.

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.

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