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P3549-178 Photographic composite, five images of a solar eclipse mounted, paper / silver gelatin, used by Sydney Observatory, photographer J. W. Short, Flint Island, Kiribati, 3 January 1908. Click to enlarge.

Solar Eclipse, Flint Island, Kiribati, 1908

Photographed
In September 1907 F. K. Mclean, of the English, Royal Astronomical Society, led an eclipse expedition to Flint Island north of Tahiti. Unusually the astronomers accompanying him were not from England but from Australia and New Zealand. The first to join up was C. J. Merfield of Sydney, followed by James Short, astronomical photographer and W. E. Raymond who both worked at Sydney Observatory. In addition there was Joseph Brooks a retired surveyor and the Reverend F. W. Walker and Henry Wincklemann both from from New Zealand.

They arrived on Flint Island on the 23rd of December and set up camp near the Lick Observatory party led by Professor W. W. Campbell. Thus, for a few weeks, the tiny island became home to two expeditions who shared their equipment and stores as they prepared for the January 3rd eclipse.

Six glass plates were taken by McClean, Brooks and Walker, using a De La Rue Chronograph. Ten more, six using a 4 inch Dallmeyer lens and four with a telephoto lens, of 1-1/4 inch aperture, were taken by James Short, assisted by Mr. Caffin. Henry Winckelmann took eight plates using a Ross telephoto camera and W. E. Raymond sketched the event as he viewed it through a Grubb 4-inch telescope.

These five solar eclipse photographs mounted on board were taken by J. W. Short and are a mix of prints from the negatives taken with the Dallmeyer and telephoto lenses in January 1908.

For more information see attached Powerhouse Museum Theme 'Australian Eclipse Expedition to Flint Island 1908'.

Geoff Barker, Curatorial, October, 2008

References
McClean, F. K., Report of the Eclipse Expedition to Flint Island, January 3, 1908, Richard Clay and Sons, Limited, Bread Street Hill, E.C., and Bungay, Suffolk, date unknown

Summary

Object No.

P3549-178

Object Statement

Photographic composite, five images of a solar eclipse mounted, paper / silver gelatin, used by Sydney Observatory, photographer J. W. Short, Flint Island, Kiribati, 3 January 1908

Physical Description

Photographic composite, five images of a solar eclipse mounted, paper / silver gelatin, used by Sydney Observatory, photographer J. W. Short, Flint Island, Kiribati, 3 January 1908

Five black and white photographs showing the total solar eclipse of January 1908. The five photographs show the eclipse as it was seen from Flint Island in Kiribati. The images have been glued onto a cardboard mount which has been annotated. Water damage had caused some of the annotations to become illegible.

Marks

Handwritten text in blue ink read 'Total / Solar / Eclipse / Jan 3 1908 / Observed at / Flint Island / Lat S 11 25 43 / Long W 151 48 0/ Photographed by G W Short Assisted by W Caffin / The line of the [illegible] was 4 in Dallmeyer 5ft focal length. Lent by Sydney Obs / [illegible] 1 1/2 in Telephoto 5 ft 4 in Eq Focus belonging to Mr Short / [[illegible] the image after [the] reflection. The telephoto [illegible]. In pencil on the back of the mount '1/111'.

Dimensions

Height

368 mm

Width

295 mm

Production

Notes

The photographs were taken using a photographic telescope on Flint Island on 3rd January 1908.

Cite this Object

Harvard

Solar Eclipse, Flint Island, Kiribati, 1908 2020, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 25 November 2020, <https://ma.as/382033>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/382033 |title=Solar Eclipse, Flint Island, Kiribati, 1908 |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=25 November 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}