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2008/65/3 Allied military currency (4), 1, 2, 5, and 10 lire, paper, made by Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, for use by Allied troops, Italy, 1943. Click to enlarge.

Military payment certificates for use in Italy

Made
Military currency and occupation money are money provided for the use of military personnel serving in occupied territory. Depending on circumstances, military currency can be provided by an aggressor or a liberator and take a variety of forms for use by military and / or local populations. In the case of Hawaii in WWII military currency was swapped for the US dollars on the island in preparation for a possible Japanese invasion. This pre-empted the possibility of Japan gaining control of all the US dollars in Hawaii since 'greenbacks' were internationally negotiable - ie accepted in most countries and so potentially an economic windfall to Japan. Many countries including Japan, Germany, Austria, the United States of America, and Britain have produced military currency during conflicts between WWII and Vietnam. The equivalent to military currency now used by military personnel serving overseas is the value-added charge card.

The examples in this acquisition are Allied Military Currency produced for the use of allied troops in Italy after that country's liberation from Fascist rule in 1943.

Paul Donnelly
Curator, history of design and society
January 2008

Refs:
Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Seventh Edition, volume 2, General issues, 1994
http://www.frbsf.org/currency/stability/history/index.html

Summary

Object No.

2008/65/3

Object Statement

Allied military currency (4), 1, 2, 5, and 10 lire, paper, made by Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, for use by Allied troops, Italy, 1943

Physical Description

Allied military currency (4), 1, 2, 5, and 10 lire, paper, made by Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, for use by Allied troops, Italy, 1943

Four paper notes used as allied military currency in Italy, rectangular in shape, denominations of one, two, five and ten lire. All are from the 1943 and 1943A series. All notes have text incorporated as part of their design. 'FREEDOM OF SPEECH FREEDOM OF RELIGION / ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY / FREEDOM FROM WANT FREEDOM FROM FEAR' is printed on the reverse of each note in blue.

Square paper note printed on both sides, 1 lire. The obverse features a faint rural scenery background, printed in blue and brown. Text: - ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY / ISSUED IN / ITALY / 1 / LIRA / A 76506788 A (all four corners: - 1) (top left and bottom right: - SERIES 1943).

Square paper note printed on both sides, 2 lire. The obverse features a faint rural scenery background, printed in purple and brown. Text: - ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY / ISSUED IN / ITALY / 2 / LIRE / A 51019365 A (all four corners: - 2) (top left and bottom right: - SERIES 1943)

Square paper note printed on both side, 5 lire. The obverse features a faint rural scenery background, printed in green and brown. Text: - ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY / ISSUED IN / ITALY / CINQUE / FIVE 5 FIVE / LIRE / A 69055703 A (all four corners: - 5) (top left and bottom right: - SERIES OF 1943 A)

Square paper note printed on both sides, 10 lire. The obverse features a faint rural scenery background, printed in gray and red. Text: - ALLIED MILITARY CURRENCY / ISSUED IN / ITALY / DIECI / TEN 10 TEN / LIRE / A 98809119 A (all four corners: - 10) (top left and bottom right: - SERIES OF A 1943 A)

Dimensions

Height

66 mm

Width

78 mm

Production

Notes

Made in 1943 by Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company, Boston (as marked with f), USA.

Refs:
Pick, Albert - Standard Catalog of World Paper Money - Seventh Edition, volume 2, General issues, 1994 - M10, M11, M12, p. 739.

History

Notes

Military Currency or Occupation Money is currency provided for the use of military personnel serving in occupied territory. Depending on circumstances military currency can be provided by an aggressor or by a liberator and many countries including Japan, Germany, the United States of America and Britain have produced military currency. These examples are Allied Military Currency produced for the use of allied troops in WWII.

The donor of these notes was prompted to give them to the Powerhouse Museum by virtue of his relationship to Major H.P. (Pat) Boland, numismatic curator (and later consultant) at this Museum from 1961 to 2006.

Source

Credit Line

Gift of Captain Robert Feldman, 2008

Acquisition Date

3 April 2008

Cite this Object

Harvard

Military payment certificates for use in Italy 2020, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 19 October 2020, <https://ma.as/378396>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/378396 |title=Military payment certificates for use in Italy |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=19 October 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.