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2008/41/1 Poker machine, accessories, and tokens, 'The Little Bandit', bar top, metal / wood / plastic / glass, made by Caille Bros, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America, 1910-1930. Click to enlarge.

'The Little Bandit' poker machine by Caille Bros

The Caille Bros poker machine is a representative example of the first generation of poker machines. It features the three-reel technology of the original 'Liberty Bell' machines designed by Charles Fey in the 1890s. From 1910, Caille Bros and other amusement machine manufacturers produced copies of the Liberty Bell and began building business empires on the basis of Fey's innovations.

Although Fey devised an automatic payout mechanism, some early bar-top machines were produced without this …


Object No.


Object Statement

Poker machine, accessories, and tokens, 'The Little Bandit', bar top, metal / wood / plastic / glass, made by Caille Bros, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America, 1910-1930

Physical Description

Poker machine and tokens, bar top, metal / wood, made by Caille Bros, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America, 1910-1930

One poker machine with cast alloy case, supported by a timber plinth. The machine is in the form of a small cash register, with three playing wheels visible through windows at top front. The reels feature numerals rather than playing cards or other symbols.

A playing lever protrudes from the right hand side of the case, which is decorated with an ornate floral pattern. A 'CB' monogram is embossed at front and sides.

A handwritten card taped to the front of the machine reads in part: 'The Little Bandit...Free Drinks. Pays on any 3 of a kind. 3 Five's - 20 Cigars; 3 Nine's - 10; 3 Two's - 5'.

A drawer containing tokens and an alternate card opens at the rear of the timber plinth. The drawer and the rear of the case have functioning locks; the keys are extant.

One bottle of brass playing tokens.



235 mm


200 mm


185 mm



Adolph and Auguste (Arthur) Caille's father Joseph migrated to the US from Alsace-Lorraine and began making coin-in-the-slot vending machines in Chicago. Adolph Caille and Jacob Scheimer began producing amusement machines in Toledo, Ohio about 1897. The partnership was dissolved in 1901, and Adolph and Arthur formed Caille Bros in Detroit, Michigan.

Caille Bros produced a wide range of amusement, gaming and vending machines and took advantage of Charles Fey's invention of the compact automatic gaming machine. From 1910, Caille Bros produced copies of Charles Fey's 'Liberty Bell' and other designs. Within a few years, Caille Bros was exporting machines to France, Spain and elsewhere and claimed to be the world's largest manufacturer of coin-operated machines.

Caille Bros machines were notable for their ornate case designs and elegant finishes. They were sold for higher prices than similar Mills and Watling machines, but were popular with saloon and arcade proprietors. Caille produced several innovations in poker machine design, as well as copying those of competitors.

Caille Bros also produced car parts and marine outboard motors, and in 1932 the company was purchased by Fuller-Johnson, marine motor manufacturers. Slot machine production continued, although the industry was now more competitive due to the appearance of new manufacturers such as Bally and Pace. The last Caille Bros machines were produced in 1939.

In 1934 Adolph Caille formed AC Novelty and produced a revolutionary seven-coin, multiple combination 'Multi-Bell' machine. The company was sold after Adolph's death in 1937.

Charles Pickett, curator Design & Society.



This machine was owned by Ken Nutt, son of Roy Nutt, who was co-founder of the Nutt & Muddle poker machine manufacturing company. Nutt & Muddle produced Jubilee machines from the 1940s to the 1980s.

The machine was used for some time at the Waverley Bowling Club.


Credit Line

Gift of Mrs Shirley Nutt, 2008

Acquisition Date

27 February 2008

Cite this Object


'The Little Bandit' poker machine by Caille Bros 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 19 January 2022, <>


{{cite web |url= |title='The Little Bandit' poker machine by Caille Bros |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=19 January 2022 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}