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17178 Wool specimen, hogget combing, bred by Thomas Russell, Yarrawin, Cressy, Victoria, Australia,1887. Click to enlarge.

Combing wool specimen from a hogget

Made by Russell, Thomas in Cressy, Tasmania, Australia, 1887.

The wool collection held by the Powerhouse Museum contains thousands of wool samples collected between 1804 and 2003. These samples provide a record of wool growing in Australia. The different fleeces reflect the breeding programs and environmental conditions under which the fleeces were grown and, as such, they provide a valuable history of the areas of Australia in which sheep were grazed.

Sheep were introduced into Australia in 1788 from Cape Town in South Africa. Since then sheep from other...


Object No.


Object Statement

Wool specimen, hogget combing, bred by Thomas Russell, Yarrawin, Cressy, Victoria, Australia,1887

Physical Description

Wool specimen, hogget combing, bred by Thomas Russell, Yarrawin, Cressy, Victoria, Australia,1887

Combing wool specimen from a hogget. There is a blue ribbon tied around the middle of the specimen and a small green tag attached to the ribbon.

This sample of wool was tested in June 2007 by the Interactive Wool Group. They used the OFDA2000 instrument for fleece testing. The following are the results for this specimen:

Microns: 18.8 microns (4.2 Standard Deviation)
(average fibre diameter)

Staple length: 70 mm

Mean fibre curvature: 84.5 Dg/mm
(A measurement in degrees
per mm related to
crimp frequency)

Comfort Factor: 98.8 %
(The % of fibres equal
to or less than 30 microns)


Green tag reads '17178 / Hogget / Combing' and on reverse 'No 15 / T. Russell / Yarrawin'.



170 mm


40 mm



The wool was produced in 1887 by Thomas Russell in Yarrawin, Cressy, Victoria, Australia.



Exhibited at the Indian and Colonial Exhibition, London, 1886.
Port phillip wool (greasy) Value 1/- per pound. Purchased from P L Simmonds.

In 1890 Alfred Hawkesworth, honorary wool-classer to the Museum, noted the following about this specimen:

Type of wool which bears favourable comparison with most commercial wools grown in Victoria. Has great length with most distinct serration, elasticity, softness, silkiness and lustre; as a worsted combing wool is very suitable for the best kind of dress goods. Value 1s 3d. Spinning quality 66s. (Alfred Hawkesworth's valuation)

Alfred Hawkesworth, Technological Museum, Sydney, Descriptive Catalogue No 1. Raw wools and specimens to illustrate the woollen manufacture. Sydney Government Printer. 1890.

This wool specimen is part of the Bill Montgomery Wool Collection which consists of approximately 7000 samples. In the older part of the collection there are 5000 samples from Australian sheep fleeces grown between 1856 and 1906. The samples were collected by the Museum at a time when scientific research was prominent in the Museum's activities. In 1979, when the Museum's focus changed, most of its wool collection was transferred to the teaching collection of Mr Bill Montgomery, a wool classing teacher at Newcastle Technical College. When Bill retired from the College, the collection was again in danger of being thrown away. He took the entire collection home and stored it in his garage for 15 years. His Collection also contains approximately 1500 wool samples grown between 1950 and 2000 and collected by Bill himself. It includes 147 examples of faults and stains occurring in Australian flocks, 20 pigmented wools and 33 rare and extinct breeds from around the world. The Museum purchased the entire collection in 2003. Bill Montgomery died on 7th July, 2007.


Credit Line

Purchased 2003 (originally purchased 1887)

Acquisition Date

31 March 2003

Cite this Object


Combing wool specimen from a hogget 2019, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 23 August 2019, <>


{{cite web |url= |title=Combing wool specimen from a hogget |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=23 August 2019 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

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