The wool collection held by the Powerhouse Museum contains thousands of wool samples collected between 1804 and 2003. These samples provide a record of wool growing in Australia. The different fleeces reflect the breeding programs and environmental conditions under which the fleeces were grown and, as such, they provide a valuable history of the areas of Australia in which sheep were grazed.
Sheep were introduced into Australia in 1788 from Cape Town in South Africa. Since then sheep from other...
Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by A Dowling, Coreena Station, Barcaldine, Queensland, Australia, 1902
Wool specimen from a stud ewe that was unhoused and grass fed. There is a blue ribbon tied around the middle of the specimen and a small oval tag attached to the ribbon.
This sample of wool was tested in June 2007 by the Interactive Wool Group. They used the OFDA2000 instrument for fleece testing. The following are the results for this specimen:
Microns: 21.4 microns (3.5 Standard Deviation) (average fibre diameter)
Staple length: 80 mm
Mean fibre curvature: 110.9 Dg/mm (A measurement in degrees per mm related to crimp frequency)
Comfort Factor: 98.6 % (The % of fibres equal to or less than 30 microns)