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P3145-5 Photograph (1 of 9), mounted, stereoview of bullock team George Street Sydney, paper / albumen / silver / ink, published by William Hetzer, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1863. Click to enlarge.

Photograph of Bullock team, George St, Sydney

Photographed
This photograph was published in one of the later sets of William Hetzer's stereoviews. It is a view of a bullock team with a cart load of sandstone outside the shop of Charles Bovis the boot maker, 328 George Street, Sydney.

In 1850 William Hetzer arrived in Sydney, with his wife Thekla, where they immediately set up a photographic studio at 15 Hunter Street. Hetzer initially specisalised in calotypes but soon adopted the new collodion based positive/negative processes, like the ambrotype …

Summary

Object No.

P3145-5

Object Statement

Photograph (1 of 9), mounted, stereoview of bullock team George Street Sydney, paper / albumen / silver / ink, published by William Hetzer, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1863

Physical Description

Photographic print, mounted stereoview bullock team George Street Sydney, paper / albumen / silver / ink, published by William Hetzer, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1863

A stereoview photographic print consisting of two black and white images that have been taken simultaneously. The prints have been mounted next to one another on a card. The images show three storey buildings lining George Street in Sydney. Canvas awnings shade the footpath in front of the buildings. A bullock team with a drayt holding two large sandstone blocks can be seen stopped by the curb on the street. A saddled horse can be seen in front of the bullock dray and a group of men can be seen standing under one of the awnings. Text on the facades of the buildings reads 'VIS AND CO 328', 'WALKER & JONES', OUTFITTER / 340'.There is handwritten text on the back of the mount. Text can be seen on the facades of some of the buildings. The images and mount have discoloured due to foxing.

Marks

Handwritten text in ink on the back of the mount reads 'Bullock Teams / George St'.

Dimensions

Width

175 mm

Production

Notes

A stereo photograph is comprising two photographs, one taken as the left eye sees the view and another slightly offset as the right eye would see a view. These photographs are mounted on a card which is then fitted into a viewer. The viewer allows the brain to superimpose the two images, imitating the three dimensional stereovision of the human eye.

Stereo photographs are essentially the combination of two inventions of the 1830s. Sir Charles Wheatstone announced the first of these in 1838; it was an optical viewer that could combine two specially developed three-dimensional drawings that took into account the slight variation between the right and the left eye. The second occurred in 1839 when two different photographic processes, the 'daguerreotype' by Louis Daguerre and the 'Talbotype' or 'Calotype' by Henry Fox Talbot, were announced to the world.

In the 1840s Sir Charles Wheatstone began experimenting with Talbot's process which enabled him to place two slightly offset photographic images in his viewer. The success of these experiments inspired a Scotsman, Sir David Brewster, to announce in 1849 his modification of the stereo format, a portable viewing device called a lenticular stereoscope. It was Brewster's stereoscope which defined the standard for the new format and which was popularised from the early 1850s.

Geoff Barker, August 2009.

References
William Darrah, 'The World of Stereographs', W. Darrah, 1997
Helmut and Alison Gernsheim, 'The History of Photography', Thames and Hudson, 1955, 253

Cite this Object

Harvard

Photograph of Bullock team, George St, Sydney 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 7 December 2021, <https://ma.as/324390>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/324390 |title=Photograph of Bullock team, George St, Sydney |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=7 December 2021 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}