George Street, Sydney

Made 1858-1860

This photograph was published in one of the earlier sets of William Hetzer’s stereoviews, and his blind stamp can be seen imprinted on the right-hand side of the mount. It is a view of the east side of George Street, just down from the Post Office. The shadows suggest the image was taken in the afternoon, and as we can see the awnings have al been erected except the two at the base of the picture. This may be due to Hetzer requesting them taken down as he took this shot from the window of this b...

Summary

P3145-2
Photographic print, mounted stereoview George Street Sydney, paper / albumen / silver / ink, published by William Hetzer, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1858-1860

A stereoview photographic print consisting of two black and white images that have been taken simultaneously. The prints have been mounted next to one another on a card. The images show an empty George Street in Sydney. The street is lined with three storey buildings, most of which have canvas awnings out the front shading the footpath below. Street lamps can be seen on either side of the street. 'E CURTISS' can be seen written on the front of one of the buildings. An oval shaped trademark can be seen impressed into the front of the mount to the right of the images. There is handwritten text on the back of the mount. The images and mount have discoloured due to foxing.

Dimensions

175 mm

Production

A stereo photograph is comprised of two photographs, one taken as the left eye sees the view and another slightly offset as the right eye would see a view. These photographs are mounted on a card which is then fitted into a viewer. The viewer allows the brain to superimpose the two images, imitating the three dimensional stereovision of the human eye.

Stereo photographs are essentially the combination of two inventions of the 1830s. Sir Charles Wheatstone announced the first of these in 1838; it was an optical viewer that could combine two specially developed three-dimensional drawings that took into account the slight variation between the right and the left eye. The second occurred in 1839 when two different photographic processes, the 'daguerreotype' by Louis Daguerre and the 'Talbotype' or 'Calotype' by Henry Fox Talbot, were announced to the world.

In the 1840s Sir Charles Wheatstone began experimenting with Talbot's process which enabled him to place two slightly offset photographic images in his viewer. The success of these experiments inspired a Scotsman, Sir David Brewster, to announce in 1849 his modification of the stereo format, a portable viewing device called a lenticular stereoscope. It was Brewster's stereoscope which defined the standard for the new format and which was popularised from the early 1850s.

Geoff Barker, August 2009.

References
William Darrah, 'The World of Stereographs', W. Darrah, 1997
Helmut and Alison Gernsheim, 'The History of Photography', Thames and Hudson, 1955, 253
1858-1860

Cite this Object

George Street, Sydney 2014, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 30 March 2017, <https://ma.as/324387>
{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/324387 |title=George Street, Sydney |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=30 March 2017 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
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