Between 1969 and 1971, four Black Arrow rockets were fired at Woomera. The Black Arrow was a British satellite launch vehicle developed in the late 1960s after the UK withdrew from the European Launcher Development Organisation. It was intended to provide Britain with an independent capability to launch its own satellites. The final Black Arrow placed the satellite Prospero into orbit, the second and last satellite to be launched from Woomera, in 1971.
Based on the provenance information available, this Black Arrow nosecone fairing is almost certainly from the Black Arrow R-1 flight, the first successful test flight of the Black Arrow rocket, with a dummy third stage. Only Black Arrow R-0 and R-1 travelled in a north-westerly direction that would pass over Millers Creek Station, the later two flights (R-2 and R-3) being launched on northerly flight paths. R-0 was destroyed shortly after lift-off and its payload fairing (which, in any case was white) could not have been found as far downrange as Millers Creek Station, even in the unlikely event that it survived undamaged. R-1 was a textbook flight, with the nosecone being correctly jettisoned. Black Arrow R-1 was launched on 4 March 1970.