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85/1284-349 Glass plate negative, full plate, entitled 'Milsons Point', depicting Milsons Point ferry terminal, Sydney Harbour and the ferries 'Kamilaroi', 'Kurraba', 'Wallaby', 'Wallaroo', Kerry and Co, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1902-1910. Click to enlarge.

Glass plate negative, full plate, entitled ‘Milsons Point’, depicting Milsons Point ferry terminal, Sydney Harbour and the ferries ‘Kamilaroi’, ‘Kurraba’, ‘Wallaby’, ‘Wallaroo’, Kerry and Co, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1902-1910

Made
This image from a glass plate negative, produced between 1902 and 1910, depicts the ferry terminal at Milsons Point on the north side of Sydney Harbour in the centre of the image looking to the west. The terminal was a busy interchange for people intending to cross the harbour before the Sydney Harbour Bridge was completed in 1932. North Shore commuters had to travel by steam train to Milsons Point then alight and cross the Harbour by ferry to Bennelong Point where the Sydney Opera House now stands. Other travellers who arrived on wheeled vehicles or horses crossed by vehicular ferry. The Milsons Point ferry terminal building features a domed clock tower and an elongated domed roof section which provided shelter from the weather for waiting passengers. The photograph was taken at almost 11.30 am and part of the fleet of Sydney Ferries Ltd is shown with two ferries in service and others awaiting peak hour traffic.

Several ferries are at the terminal. At the left passengers are boarding one of the larger ferries, used mainly for the Milsons Point to Circular Quay service. Below the clock tower, end on, is the vehicular ferry 'Kamilaroi' (1901-1932). Her design was unique to Sydney. In the centre is the 'Kurraba' (1899-1934) which was used mainly on the Mosman service. This double-ended steamer was 134 feet in length and could carry 890 passengers. The ferry commenced service in 1899 until retired and sold in 1934. All of the ferries depicted appear to be double-ended steamers. Nearest the camera is the ferry 'Wallaby' (1879-1929), the first effective double-ended propeller ferry in Sydney. Alongside is the 'Wallaroo' (1896, rebuilt and renamed 'Kiamala' in 1914). This vessel was used by the Royal Australian Navy during World War II.

A sloping road leading to the ferry terminal can be seen in the centre right of the image. A cable-tram line ran along the road which is also flanked by advertisements including for the 'Sunday Sun' newspaper, the Star newspaper and Anthony Hordern's New Palace Emporium. An office of Hardie and Gorman, House and Land Agents, can also be seen at the terminal. The harbour-side suburbs of Milsons Point and Lavender Bay are in the background.

Graeme Andrews OAM, Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences volunteer under the supervision of Margaret Simpson, Curator, August 2015.

This photographic negative was published by the Sydney firm Charles Kerry & Co. and is part of the Powerhouse Museum's Tyrrell collection which contains over 2,900 glass plate negatives by Kerry & Co. Although a few appear to be from the 1880s most were produced between 1892 and 1917. Over this period, and well into the early 1900s, prints from these negatives appeared in many Australian publications and albums of views. In 1903 the company began producing postcards from these negatives, further establishing the images as some of the most significant and best known early views of New South Wales.

Some of the more significant themes covered by the collection include; views of New South Wales, Queensland, country towns, Sydney, Indigenous Australians, the South Pacific, rural life, native flora and fauna, and sentimental views. In addition a number of significant events from the 1900s are covered by the collection including; embarkation of troops for the Boer War, Hordens fire, the Inauguration of the Commonwealth in 1901, the arrival of the Great White Fleet and the Burns verses Johnson boxing match at Rushcutters Bay in 1908.

Geoff Barker, Curatorial, January, 2009

References
Newton, Gael, Shades of Light; Photography and Australia 1839 - 1988, Australian National Gallery, Canberra, 1988
David, Millar, Charles Kerry's Federation Australia, Sydney, David Ell Press, 1981
Tyrrell, James, Australian Aboriginal and South Sea Islands Implements, Weapons and Curios, James Tyrrell, Sydney, 1929

Summary

Object No.

85/1284-349

Object Statement

Glass plate negative, full plate, entitled 'Milsons Point', depicting Milsons Point ferry terminal, Sydney Harbour and the ferries 'Kamilaroi', 'Kurraba', 'Wallaby', 'Wallaroo', Kerry and Co, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1902-1910

Physical Description

Silver gelatin dry plate glass negative in landscape format. The image depicts the ferry terminal at Milsons Point in Sydney. The terminal is depicted in the centre of the image. A building at the terminal features a domed clock tower and an elongated domed roof section. Several ferries can be seen at the terminal including the 'Kurraba' which is depicted in the centre of the image. All of the ferries depicted appear to be double-ended steamers. A sloping road leading to the ferry terminal can be seen in the centre right of the image. A cable-tram line can be seen along the road which is also flanked by advertisements. Advertisements for the Sunday Sun newspaper, the Star newspaper and Anthony Hordern's New Palace Emporium are visible. Houses and other buildings in Milsons Point can be seen in the background of the image. The background of the image also depicts Lavendar Bay and other harbour side suburbs in Sydney. The caption, studio number and studio mark are inscribed on the reverse of the negative.

The Kurraba ferry commenced service in 1899. The double-ended steamer was 134 feet in length and was capable of carrying 890 passengers. It was retired and sold in 1934.

5/5 Tyrrell Inventory Number, 645 Kerry Studio Number

Marks

Caption, studio number and studio mark on plate emulsion verso lower left corner, inscribed by hand in reverse print in ink 'MILSONS PT. / 645. / Kerry. Sydney.'
Inscription in plate emulsion verso top centre, scratched by hand '645' and top right, scratched by hand, written upside down 'Milsons Point' and upper right corner, scratched by hand '54'.

Dimensions

Width

215 mm

Production

Notes

Charles Kerry was born in 1858 and by 1885 was running a studio in partnership with C. D. Jones. This partnership lasted until 1892, when Charles became sole owner and changed the studio's name to Kerry and Co.

By 1890 the company was employing a number of photographers who would become famous in their own right. George Bell who covered rural New South Wales was employed in 1890 and Harold Bradley was doing outdoor work and covering events around Sydney by 1899.

Kerry continued to work in the field and in 1895 he took photographs of Royal National Park for New South Wales Government, photographed Queensland artesian bores and was employed by the New South Wales Government to travel the state and photograph Indigenous Australians. In 1897 Kerry led the first party to reach the summit of Mt Kosciuszko in winter conditions and photographed the Jenolan caves.

By 1900 Kerry had turned his studio into one of the largest and most respected photographic establishments in the colony. His new four story premises at 310 George St were designed by the architect H. C. Kent and the third floor studios alone could accommodate 70 people wanting their portraits taken.

In 1913 Kerry retired leaving the running of the studio to his nephew, unfortunately the business did not do well and Kerry and Co. closed its doors in 1917. Kerry himself died in 1928.

Geoff Barker, Curatorial, January, 2009

References
Newton, Gael, Shades of Light; Photography and Australia 1839 - 1988, Australian National Gallery, Canberra, 1988
David, Millar, Charles Kerry's Federation Australia, Sydney, David Ell Press, 1981
Tyrrell, James, Australian Aboriginal and South Sea Islands Implements, Weapons and Curios, James Tyrrell, Sydney, 1929

History

Notes

This photographic negative is one of 2900 Kerry & Co. photographs in the Powerhouse Museum's 'Tyrrell Collection' once owned by Sydney bookseller, James Tyrrell. Almost all of these negatives are 21.5 x 20.3 cm (10 x 8 inch) glass plates and many of those now held by the Powerhouse Museum collection would have been used to create postcards. In addition to the Kerry & Co. Studio images, the Tyrrell Collection at the Powerhouse Museum includes glass plate negatives published by Henry King and a number of other negatives by unattributed photographers

James Tyrrell used the images by Kerry & Co. and Henry King to produce his own booklets and views of New South Wales but although full of iconic Australian images, the collection does not appear to have been fully utilised by Tyrrell.

In 1980 the collection was purchased by Australian Consolidated Press who published a limited series of 2000 contact prints from the collection. Housed in boxes copies of these were given to the State Library of New South Wales and the Macleay Museum at the University of Sydney.

In 1985 Australian Consolidated Press donated the collection to the Powerhouse keeping a set of copy prints for themselves. The collection at this time consisted of 7,903 glass plate negatives and 7,916 contact positive prints.

A further 2,500 Kerry & Co. negatives are held in the Macleay Museum at the University of Sydney, although these do not appear to have been acquired from Charles Kerry and Co. by Tyrrell.

Geoff Barker, Curatorial, January, 2009

References
Newton, Gael, Shades of Light; Photography and Australia 1839 - 1988, Australian National Gallery, Canberra, 1988
David, Millar, Charles Kerry's Federation Australia, Sydney, David Ell Press, 1981
Tyrrell, James, Australian Aboriginal and South Sea Islands Implements, Weapons and Curios, James Tyrrell, Sydney, 1929

Cite this Object

Harvard

Glass plate negative, full plate, entitled 'Milsons Point', depicting Milsons Point ferry terminal, Sydney Harbour and the ferries 'Kamilaroi', 'Kurraba', 'Wallaby', 'Wallaroo', Kerry and Co, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1902-1910 2020, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 26 November 2020, <https://ma.as/29733>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/29733 |title=Glass plate negative, full plate, entitled 'Milsons Point', depicting Milsons Point ferry terminal, Sydney Harbour and the ferries 'Kamilaroi', 'Kurraba', 'Wallaby', 'Wallaroo', Kerry and Co, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1902-1910 |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=26 November 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}