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N12271 Medal, commemorative, Cessation of transport 1853 / Tasmania Founded 1803, pewter, Queen Victoria, maker unknown, Tasmania, Australia, c.1853. Click to enlarge.

Medal commemorating the cessation of transport in Tasmania

made
Medal, Australia: Tasmania, commemorative. Cessation of transport, 1803-53, pewter (CI)

Summary

Object No.

N12271

Object Statement

Medal, commemorative, Cessation of transport 1853 / Tasmania Founded 1803, pewter, Queen Victoria, maker unknown, Tasmania, Australia, c.1853

Physical Description

Medal, Australia: Tasmania, commemorative. Cessation of transport, 1803-53, pewter (CI)

Marks

Marks: obverse, 'VICTORIA QUEEN / MDCCLIII'; reverse, 'CESSATION OF TRANSPORTATION 1853 / TASMANIA FOUNDED 1803'.

Production

History

Notes

Cessation of Transportation Medal, 1853: Following lengthy negotiations, the British Government agreed that transportation of convicts to Tasmania would cease in 1853. Coincidentally, this was also the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Colony. This fine medal commemorating these two major events is believed to have been designed, and the dies prepared, by Sydney medallist, J.C. Thornthwaite. The production of such a large medal appears to have been beyond local capacity, and 9,000 pewter and 100 bronze medals were struck from these dies in England, for distribution in connection with the Jubilee Celebrations on 10th August, 1853.

The Years of Expansion: The Passing Parade. Medallic Illustrations of Colonial History
Lacking both technical capacity and public demand to support such an industry, Australian medals prior to the early 1850s were generally individual, hand-engraved pieces. With the massive increase of population arising from the discovery of gold in Australia, and the introduction of mass production techniques, it became possible to produce medals profitably, for public distribution; and within a few years their use for commemorative purposes was widespread in the Australian Colonies. These medals provide glimpses of some of the events in the passing parade of colonial history, as Australia moved towards Federation and the 20th Century. Some typical examples are shown.

From Sydney Mint Museum label written by curator, Major HP (Pat) Boland, c1982

Source

Credit Line

Gift of Australian Museum, 1961

Acquisition Date

27 February 1961

Cite this Object

Harvard

Medal commemorating the cessation of transport in Tasmania 2022, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 25 September 2022, <https://ma.as/291439>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/291439 |title=Medal commemorating the cessation of transport in Tasmania |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=25 September 2022 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.