NotesThis balaclava was worn by Morton Henry Moyes whilst working as a meteorologist for Sir Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), in Antarctica, 1911-1914.
Morton Henry Moyes (1886-1981) was born on 29 June 1886 at Koolunga, South Australia, to parents John Moyes, headmaster and Ellen Jane, née Stoward.
Moyes graduated at the University of Adelaide in 1910 with a Bachelor of Science in physics and mathematics. He studied geology under lecturer Douglas Mawson, who later hired Moyes to join the Australian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-1914 as meteorologist. Moyes returned to Australia in March 1913 and became headmaster of the University Coaching College, Sydney. In February 1914 he was recruited as a naval instructor at the Royal Australian Naval College, specialising in mathematics and later navigation.
In January 1916 Moyes was made navigating officer of the 'Aurora', which sailed from New Zealand to the Ross Sea to rescue members of Sir Ernest Shackleton's 'Endurance' expedition. Moyes returned to the Navy in 1919 as instructor lieutenant with seniority, and was promoted to instructor lieutenant-commander in 1920 and commander in 1924.
At Mawson's request, Moyes was seconded to the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, 1929-1930, where he served as survey officer for the scientific staff.
In recognition of the work undertaken during his three Antarctic expeditions Moyes was awarded Polar medals in silver and bronze and a bronze clasp, and received an Order of the British Empire in 1935.
Australian Dictionary of Biography Online, http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au
Haywood, Elizabeth, 'Australian Antarctica: Celebrating fifty years of Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions', Australia Post Philatelic Group, Melbourne, 1997
Mortimer, Gavin, 'Shackleton and the Antarctic Explorers: The men who battled to reach the South Pole', Carlton Books Ltd, Dubai, 1999