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H7806 Bicycle, dwarf safety, probably 'Moorgate Dwarf Roadster No.5', Kangaroo-geared, front wheel driven, metal, probably made by Cooper, Kitchen & Co, Moorgate Works, Elland, Yorkshire, England, c. 1885. Click to enlarge.

'Moorgate Roadster' dwarf safety bicycle

Made
  • c 1885
It is believed that this dwarf safety bicycle is a Moorgate Dwarf Roadster No.5, made by Cooper, Kitchen & Co., of the Moorgate Works, Elland, Yorkshire, England between 1885 and 1886. The bicycle is known as a Kangaroo type. It features an early bicycle gear system comprising independent right and left chain wheels driven by their own chains from the front driving wheel. The idea was first put into commercial production by Hillman, Herbert & Cooper of Coventry in 1884 with their "Kangaroo" …

Summary

Object No.

H7806

Object Statement

Bicycle, dwarf safety, probably 'Moorgate Dwarf Roadster No.5', Kangaroo-geared, front wheel driven, metal, probably made by Cooper, Kitchen & Co, Moorgate Works, Elland, Yorkshire, England, c. 1885

Physical Description

Bicycle, dwarf safety, probably "Moorgate Dwarf Roadster No.5", Kangaroo-geared, front wheel driven, metal, probably made by Cooper, Kitchen & Co., Moorgate Works, Elland, Yorkshire, England, c. 1885

This bicycle is a "dwarf" style safety type, with wheels of unequal diameter (36 inches and 22 inches). A "Kangaroo-style" geared-up chain drive is fitted to the larger front driving wheel. The cranks, each with a short chain, are fitted below the wheel hub. The bicycle has a tubular frame, radial, steel spokes and solid rubber tyres. It is believed that this bicycle was made by Cooper, Kitchen & Co., of Yorkshire because of the unique round front fork arrangement with double-sided open head. The dropped handle bars have wooden handgrips. A lever and spoon brake on the front wheel operates by pulling a lever on the right handle-bar. It is considered that this is not an original one. The rider's seat, an Arab cradle spring saddle by Brooks, is also not original. Other fittings include footrests on the front forks for resting the legs when travelling down hill and a rear step for mounting which is an unusual triangular shape down to the hub of the rear wheel. This is possibly a later addition. The bicycle is finished in black.

Marks

Number on crank: "17671"
Rear solid rubber tyre: "John Bull North Pole Patent [1 x 4].

Dimensions

Height

1120 mm

Width

650 mm

Production

Made

  • c 1885

Notes

Stylistically this dwarf safety bicycle is attributed to Cooper, Kitchen & Co., of the Moorgate Works, Elland, Yorkshire, England, and made in about c.1885

History

Notes

The bicycle was donated to the Museum in 1965 by Bennett and Wood Ltd, through Mr W.H. Bartrop, Production Manager, Joynton Ave, Zetland, NSW.

Source

Credit Line

Gift of Bennett & Wood Ltd, 1965

Acquisition Date

19 October 1965

Cite this Object

Harvard

'Moorgate Roadster' dwarf safety bicycle 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 27 September 2021, <https://ma.as/249217>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/249217 |title='Moorgate Roadster' dwarf safety bicycle |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=27 September 2021 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}