We acknowledge Australia’s First Nations Peoples as the Traditional Owners and Custodians of the land and give respect to Elders – past and present – and through them to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
H5639 Longcase clock with weights and key, cedar/ pine/ metal, retailed by James Oatley, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1822. Click to enlarge.

James Oatley longcase clock

Designed
This clock is a significant example of clock and furniture making in the early years of Colonial Australia. The marks inscribed on the face of the dial, 'Oatley, Sydney, No. 19, 1822', enable us to establish both the date and the retailer of the clock but unfortunately the makers of the clock mechanism and the cedar cabinet which houses the clock is less clear. While the origin of the clock's mechanism is still unknown Anne Watson believes the case might have been made in the workshop of the colonial cabinet-maker Lawrence Butler some time after his death in 1820.

James Oatley came to Sydney after having his death sentence for theft reduced to transportation. He had been a watchmaker in Staffordshire, England, and after he arrived in the colony in 1815 found his skills were highly sought after. He was first made Keeper of the 'town clock', and in 1818 Governor Macquarie commissioned him to install the turret clock at Hyde Park Barracks. Oatley, like many other commercial watchmakers, did not hand-craft all the parts in his clocks; instead it seems his main role was putting together the imported parts and tuning the mechanism. The turret clock in Hyde Park Barracks for instance shows the inscription of Vulliamy, a well known London clockmaker.

In 1821, Oatley was granted a conditional pardon, by which time he was already managing one of Sydney's first clock and watchmaking businesses. This was just as well for in 1822 Thomas Brisbane, the new Governor, had appointed James Robertson as Keeper of the town clock. Oatley petitioned Brisbane about losing his position and perhaps as a result was approved a grant of 300 acres of land in the Hurstville region of Western Sydney. The suburb of Oatley still exists, reflecting the importance of its colonial history.

Many early colonists benefited from these early grants but James was no pastoralist and appears to have carried on with his successful watchmaking business. From the twelve or so known examples of his work it is clear he produced clocks in styles that range from dwarf clocks, made in the American style, to both 'short' and longcase clocks.

Oatley is now regarded as one of Colonial Australia's most important clockmakers and surviving examples are justifiably prized by collectors and heritage institutions alike.

Geoff Barker, Assistant Curator, January 2010

References
Fahy Kevin, 'James Oatley & His Long Case Clocks', Australiana, February 1992
Fish Peter, 'Collectables' in 'Money Manager', The Sydney Morning Herald, September 11-17, 2002
Hatton D. J., Mr Oatley; the celebrated watchmaker, published by D. J. Hatton, 1983
Sydney Morning Herald, 29 June, 1833
Watson Anne, 'Early Colonial Furniture', Decorative Arts and Desugn from the Powerhouse Museum, Powerhouse Publishing, 1991

Summary

Object No.

H5639

Object Statement

Longcase clock with weights and key, cedar/ pine/ metal, retailed by James Oatley, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1822

Physical Description

A longcase clock, made from cedar and pine, retailed by James Oatley. Made from cedar, with pine stringing, the case consists of the trunk and the hood, both with a veneered surface and thread inlay, resting on four circular ball feet. The centre of the trunk contains a doorway, flanked by two Doric columns, opening to reveal the swaying brass pendulum and pulley system. The hood, containing the clock face and mechansim, is flanked on both sides by two Doric pillars with brass top and bottom as well as brass ornaments adorning the top. The silvered brass clock face features two cast iron hands and two subsidary dials for seconds and a calender, all within a Roman Numeral ring. It is engraved with Oatley, Sydney, No19, 1822.

Marks

Engraved: Oatley Sydney No19 1822

Dimensions

Height

2595 mm

Width

575 mm

Production

Notes

There are two main clock designs the regulator and the longcase. The standard time clock measures the true mean solar time and makes two complete revolutions every 24 hours. The sidereal time has no direct connection with solar time and instead keeps pace with the apparent movement of the stars and indicates the position of the stars in the sky.

This clock has a silvered brass dial face and a date ring with in Roman numerals. The hands are ornate pierced cast iron while the case is made from Australian cedar. This appears to have been made in Sydney and has pine stringing and veneered surface with thread inlay. The dial face is flanked by two Doric columns with brass capitals.

History

Notes

This object was purchased by the museum in 1957 from William Bradshaw, who has donated and sold numerous objects to the museum.

In 1997 a photograph of the clock was used to illustrate David Irwin's book Neoclassicism and in October 2002 it was lent to the National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors for a regional function in Windsor Sydney.

Source

Credit Line

Purchased 1957

Acquisition Date

11 May 1957

Cite this Object

Harvard

James Oatley longcase clock 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 16 April 2021, <https://ma.as/243868>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/243868 |title=James Oatley longcase clock |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=16 April 2021 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}