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H5074 Ship model, HMS 'Victory', wood / metal, model made by A. C. Hansen, Australia, c. 1940. Click to enlarge.

Ship model,HMS ‘Victory’

Made c 1940

The HMS ‘Victory’ is considered the most famous ship in British naval history. She is the only surviving commissioned warship that fought in the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars and is one of the longest serving naval vessels of more than 220 years.

The most famous association made with the HMS ‘Victory’ is Lord Nelson and the Battle of Trafalgar (October 21, 1805). This Battle, which took place off Cape Trafalgar on the Spanish coast, saw Brit...

Summary

Object No.

H5074

Object Statement

Ship model, HMS 'Victory', wood / metal, model made by A. C. Hansen, Australia, c. 1940

Physical Description

Ship model, HMS 'Victory', wood / metal, model made by A. C. Hansen, Australia, c. 1940

Fully-rigged ship model of the HMS 'Victory' made of wood with metal trimmings. The model is complete with full standing and running rigging, masts, yards and tops and deck details including anchors with bound stocks, blocks and catheads, belaying rails and pins, deck rails and companionways, gratings, two ship's boats on deck with thwarts and hammock netting. Also shown are the ship's lights and three stern lanterns, port entry steps, 94 guns with gun ports, 8 guns on deck in carriages and 2 stern guns. At the bow of the ship is the figurehead with a shield and motto and three flags suspended from the masts. The model is finished in pale blue, black and ochre and it is mounted on a stand.

Dimensions

Height

510 mm

Width

190 mm

Depth

700 mm

Production

Notes

This model of the HMS 'Victory' was made by Mr A.C. Hansen in Australia, c.1940 while the full-scale version was built between 1759 and 1765 at Chatham Dockyard, United Kingdom.

The production of the full-scale version of the 'Victory' began with Thomas Slade's design in 1758, the same year Horatio Nelson was born in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, UK. Thomas Slade (1703-1771), spent his whole life in the shipbuilding industry eventually rising to become Master Shipwright at Deptford in 1753. He is the only surveyor of the era whose designs continued to be built after he died. For example, two further versions of the 'Victory' were launched in 1810 and 1811 respectively.

On July 23, 1759 the building of the 'Victory' commenced under Master Shipwright John Lock and was completed by Edward Allen on May 7, 1765. As opposed to the construction of most vessels which were built on an ordinary inclined shipway, the 'Victory' was built in a dry dock at Chatham, Kent. 6000 trees (90% oak and 10% elm, pine and fir trees) went into her construction at a total cost of £63,175 (approximately £50 million today).

One year into the ship's construction, she was named the 'Victory', the only available name at the time from a list of seven reserved for 'First Rate' vessels. She was launched in 1765.

Made

c 1940

History

Notes

On December 13, 1758 the Board of Admiralty in London submitted a request for the fabrication of twelve new line of battle warships, including a 100 gun 'first rate' - which was to become the HMS 'Victory'.

Before the 'Victory' undertook her most famous role as the flagship of Lord Nelson, she had already been in service for forty years. Over this time, she had fought at Ushant in 1778 in the American War; served as the flagship of the Grand Fleet which opposed the Franco-Spanish 'Armada' in 1779; played a leading role in Admiral Kempenflet's annihilation of de Guichen's convoy in 1781 and led Lord Howe's fleet in its relief of Gibraltar in 1782 and the succeeding battle off Cape Spartel. During the French Revolutionary War, the 'Victory' was also Lord Hood's flagship in the occupation of Toulon and Corsica (1793-1794). She was also the fleet flagship of Sir John Jervis at the Battle of St Vincent, 1797.

From 1800-1803, the 'Victory' underwent repairs and reconstruction. Her original stern was replaced by a much simpler flush stern and her elaborate figurehead was replaced with an unpretentious crowned shield containing The Royal Crown surmounted by cupids. Towards the completion of this, she was claimed by Lord Nelson as his flagship for the Napoleonic Wars, where she was subsequently used in the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805, off Cape Trafalgar on the Spanish coast between the combined fleets of Spain and France and the Royal Navy. Although Britain did not lose any ships and victoriously won the Battle, Admiral Nelson was shot and killed as the 'Victory' passed the 'Redoubtable' (a French ship).

In 1812, the HMS 'Victory' retired from frontline duty and was subsequently anchored in Portsmouth Harbour where she remained for the next 110 years. In 1922 she was moved to Portsmouth's Royal Naval Dockyard and placed in No.2 Dry Dock where she is berthed today. Since this time, extensive restoration work has been carried out to display the vessel in the form as it appeared during the Battle of Trafalgar.

Today, the 'Victory' is still manned by officers and ratings of the Royal Navy and is the flagship of the commander-in-chief naval home command. She is also a living museum to the Georgian navy.

This particular model was bequeathed to the Museum by the model maker in 1950.

Source

Credit Line

Gift of Mr A C Hansen, 1950

Acquisition Date

10 July 1950

Cite this Object

Harvard

Ship model,HMS 'Victory' 2018, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 20 May 2019, <https://ma.as/241780>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/241780 |title=Ship model,HMS 'Victory' |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=20 May 2019 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
This object is currently on display in Store 3 at the Museums Discovery Centre.

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.

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