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H4161 Typewriter, 'Hammond' with 'Ideal' keyboard, S/No 24931, and original wooden cover, made by Hammond Typewriter Co, New York, United States of America, c.1893. Click to enlarge.

Typewriter, ‘Hammond’ with ‘Ideal’ keyboard, S/No 24931, and original wooden cover, made by Hammond Typewriter Co, New York, United States of America, c.1893

Made
  • 1884
This is a Hammond 'Ideal' typewriter made in New York in about 1893 by the Hammond Typewriter Company. This firm produced typewriters from the 1880s of which consumers could decide on either a three-row, double shift QWERTY keyboard or this two-row curved one. The Hammond typewriter also had a feature which allowed typists to see their typing by a ribbon vibrator which raised or lowered the ribbon with each key stroke.

During the 1880s and 1890s the keyboards on typewriters were not standardised. Typewriters were generally sold to offices which by then had not been staffed with typists. Since the sale of a new machine usually meant training a new typist, manufacturers could compete using alternative keyboards. In the USA as late as 1923 typewriter manufacturers operated a placement services for typists and it was in their interest to develop machines with keyboards which did not require as much training.

http://ergo.human.cornell.edu/ergoprojects/dea4702005/hctwebsite/hammond.html
Newmark, Craig (ed), 'Readings in Applied Microeconomics: The Power of the Market', p.219

Summary

Object No.

H4161

Object Statement

Typewriter, 'Hammond' with 'Ideal' keyboard, S/No 24931, and original wooden cover, made by Hammond Typewriter Co, New York, United States of America, c.1893

Physical Description

Typewriter, 'Hammond' with 'Ideal' keyboard, S/No 24931, and original wooden cover, made by Hammond Typewriter Co., New York, USA, c. 1893
Includes original wooden cover and with printed instructions inside the lid.

Production

Made

  • 1884

Source

Credit Line

Gift of Frazer Uther & Co, 1939

Acquisition Date

4 October 1939

Cite this Object

Harvard

Typewriter, 'Hammond' with 'Ideal' keyboard, S/No 24931, and original wooden cover, made by Hammond Typewriter Co, New York, United States of America, c.1893 2020, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 25 September 2020, <https://ma.as/238579>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/238579 |title=Typewriter, 'Hammond' with 'Ideal' keyboard, S/No 24931, and original wooden cover, made by Hammond Typewriter Co, New York, United States of America, c.1893 |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=25 September 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.