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H1708 Anatomical model, human eye, wood / papier-mache / glass / plaster / paint, made by F Ramme, Germany, 1850-1894. Click to enlarge.

Anatomical model of a human eye

This model accurately represents the structure of a human eye. It also embodies understandings, developed by scientists through observation, experiment and dissection, about how the eye works. The model was made in Germany between 1850 and 1894. Writing in the 1850s, Charles Darwin outlined how this complex organ could have evolved its ability to vary both depth of focus and the amount of light admitted, and to correct spherical and chromatic aberration, implicitly comparing the eye to …


Object No.


Object Statement

Anatomical model, human eye, wood / papier-mache / glass / plaster / paint, made by F Ramme, Germany, 1850-1894

Physical Description

Anatomical model of a human eye made of painted plaster, glass and papier-mache and mounted on a rectangular wooden base. The eye is painted cream and red with a blue-green lens and black pupil. The upper half of the eye (comprising the skin) can be removed to show the eyeball, which can be removed again to show the macula and retina. This part of the eye is made from glass and is also removable, as is the pupil. The eye is positioned inside the socket and shows the optic nerve running behind the eye and the muscle. The model has been lacquered and is glued to the base.


On the bottom left hand corner of the socket is a black printed stamp which reads in German, '[illeg] geschutzt / F. / Ramme / Hamburg.'. Also on the exterior of each layer of the eye are handwritten numbers and printed letters in black ink on small square pieces of paper.



220 mm


235 mm



This model was made by F Ramme in Hamburg, Germany around 1850-1894.


Credit Line

Gift of Sydney Technical College, 1894

Acquisition Date

18 December 1894

Cite this Object


Anatomical model of a human eye 2022, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 29 November 2022, <>


{{cite web |url= |title=Anatomical model of a human eye |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=29 November 2022 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}