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F383 Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by John Howard Angas, Hill River, South Australia, 1887. Click to enlarge.

Wool sample

The wool collection held by the Powerhouse Museum contains thousands of wool samples collected between 1804 and 2003. These samples provide a record of wool growing in Australia. The different fleeces reflect the breeding programs and environmental conditions under which the fleeces were grown and, as such, they provide a valuable history of the areas of Australia in which sheep were grazed.

Sheep were introduced into Australia in 1788 from Cape Town in South Africa. Since then sheep from …


Object No.


Object Statement

Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by John Howard Angas, Hill River, South Australia, 1887

Physical Description

Wool specimen, stud ewe, bred by John Howard Angas, Hill River, South Australia, 1887

Sample of fleece with a museum label on card enclosed.

This sample of wool was tested in June 2007 by the Interactive Wool Group. They used the OFDA2000 instrument for fleece testing. The following are the results for this specimen:

Microns: 18.5 microns (3.3 Standard Deviation)
(average fibre diameter)

Staple length: 70 mm

Mean fibre curvature: 124.5 Dg/mm
(A measurement in degrees
per mm related to
crimp frequency)

Comfort Factor: 99.9 %
(The % of fibres equal
to or less than 30 microns)


Text on label reads: ' 1887 / Stud Ewe / BY "HERCULES" / Bred By Hon H. I. Angus, / Hill River, S.A.'



90 mm


165 mm


20 mm



The wool was produced in 1888 by John Howard Angas in Hill River South Australia, Australia.



This wool specimen is part of the Bill Montgomery Wool Collection which consists of approximately 7000 samples. In the older part of the collection there are 5000 samples from Australian sheep fleeces grown between 1856 and 1906. The samples were collected by the Museum at a time when scientific research was prominent in the Museum's activities. In 1979, when the Museum's focus changed, most of its wool collection was transferred to the teaching collection of Mr Bill Montgomery, a wool classing teacher at Newcastle Technical College. When Bill retired from the College, the collection was again in danger of being thrown away. He took the entire collection home and stored it in his garage for 15 years. His Collection also contains approximately 1500 wool samples grown between 1950 and 2000 and collected by Bill himself. It includes 147 examples of faults and stains occurring in Australian flocks, 20 pigmented wools and 33 rare and extinct breeds from around the world. The Museum purchased the entire collection in 2003. Bill Montgomery died on 7th July, 2007.


Credit Line

Purchased 2003 (originally gift of John Howard Angas, 1889)

Acquisition Date

30 March 2003

Cite this Object


Wool sample 2022, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 9 February 2023, <>


{{cite web |url= |title=Wool sample |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=9 February 2023 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}