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B736 Farm machinery model, 'Sunshine' stripper-harvester, horse-drawn, developed in 1885 by Hugh Victor McKay in Drummartin, Victoria, Australia, it combined stripping the wheat with threshing and winnowing in a single machine, metal/wood, model made by H V McKay - Massey Harris Pty Ltd, Australia,. Click to enlarge.

Model of a stripper harvester

Made by H V McKay Pty Ltd in Sunshine, Victoria, 1930-1938.
This is a model of the 1885 stripper-harvester developed by the famous Australian manufacturer, Hugh Victor McKay, at Drummartin, Victoria, when he was only 17. The stripper-harvester brought a major change to Australian agriculture by combining the action of winnowing and sripping the grain in the one machine. The model shows the ground drive mechanism, the elevator to deliver the grain to the bag and the blower fan for separating the grain from the chaff. Note there is no riddle section.

Despite the fact that James Morrow of Melbourne actually perfected, patented and exhibited a stripper-harvester in 1884, Hugh Victor McKay took the credit for its invention. By 1904 McKay's Sunshine Harvester Co. was the largest manufacturing exporter in the Commonwealth with extensive markets in South America and North Africa. In 1907 he established a model community of worker freeholds opposed to militant unionism. The Sunshine Harvester works was for many years the largest factory in Australia, eventually covering 30 acres and employing 2500 workers. By 1920 nearly two thirds of the wheat, oats and barley crop in Australia were harvested with Sunshine machines.

Hugh Victor McKay was responsible for significant innovations in the design and production of agricultural machinery, namely the combined stripper harvester and winnower in 1884 (known as the Sunshine Harvester). McKay's Harvester Co was also responsible for developing the Sundercut, a combination of stump-jump cultivator and plough, the Suntyne combined grain and fertiliser drill and tine cultivator, and the header harvester. The commercial production and export of the 'combined' harvester pioneered large scale secondary production in Australia.

The factories in Victoria were modern and efficient, and they employed a large number of workers. After moving from Ballarat, production was concentrated at Braybrook Junction, west of Melbourne. The Harvester Co formed the basis of an industrial town which became known as Sunshine in 1907. McKay was benevolent to his workers and established, from his own profits, a fund to retire his long-serving employees. He was also opposed to wage regulation and was often in conflict with trade unions. In 1907 he was involved in a court case that became known as the Harvester Judgement. The ruling gave rise to the Australian Basic Wage. Justice H.B. Higgins, the president of the Commonwealth Arbitration Court, declared that an unskilled labourer should receive a minimum of seven shillings for an eight-hour working day, enough to sustain a family of five in "frugal comfort".

McKay was also a philanthropist. In 1926 he donated 2,000 pounds to John Flynn to establish the Royal Flying Doctor Service. McKay died in 1926 and, when the Great Depression hit in 1930, his company amalgamated with the Canadian firm of Massey-Harris Co. Ltd to form HV McKay-Massey Harris. During World War II, as well as producing agricultural machinery, the firm supplied aircraft, truck and tank components, tools, gauges, lathes, gears and radar equipment.

Summary

Object No.

B736

Object Statement

Farm machinery model, 'Sunshine' stripper-harvester, horse-drawn, developed in 1885 by Hugh Victor McKay in Drummartin, Victoria, Australia, it combined stripping the wheat with threshing and winnowing in a single machine, metal/wood, model made by H V McKay - Massey Harris Pty Ltd, Australia, 1930-1938

Physical Description

Model of a horsedrawn stripper harvester, 'Sunshine', made of metal with wood reinforcements. The model features spiral knife beaters, a hessian basket for catching the wheat and an automatic gear for raising and lowering the comb. The model is painted red with black stylised decorations and black trimmings over the wheels.

Marks

None

Dimensions

Height

600 mm

Width

630 mm

Production

Notes

This model was made by H V McKay-Massey Harris Pty Ltd of Sunshine, Victoria around 1930-1938.

The stripper-harvester combined the jobs of stripping the wheat with threshing and winnowing in a single machine. It stripped the ears of grain from the standing wheat crop and the grain and chaff passed through a winnowing drum with riddles. The separated grain was elevated by a continuous belt to a storage bin. This machine required three to five horses to pull it. It came in comb widths of 5ft, 6ft, 8ft and 10ft and harvested up to 20 acres per day.

Source

Credit Line

Gift of Mr H V McKay, 1938

Acquisition Date

19 April 1938

Cite this Object

Harvard

Model of a stripper harvester 2020, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 9 July 2020, <https://ma.as/214713>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/214713 |title=Model of a stripper harvester |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=9 July 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

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