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B681 Triple expansion marine steam engine and parts, full size, engine No.2136, metal, made by R. & W. Hawthorn, Leslie, & Co, Forth Banks Works, Newcastle on Tyne, England, 1889, used to power Sydney ferries 'Pheasant' and 'Karrabee' 1889-1936. Click to enlarge.

Steam engine by Forth Banks Works used to power Sydney ferries

Made
The triple expansion engine is a stage in the evolution of the steam engine which began with the Newcomen atmospheric engine. In this type of engine the steam was introduced in to a cylinder at low pressure and temperature and condensed. This formed a vacuum in the cylinder which allowed the weight of air above the piston to force the piston down. The next development was to use the steam positively in association with the condensing action. Again the steam pressure was relatively low as was …

Summary

Object No.

B681

Object Statement

Triple expansion marine steam engine and parts, full size, engine No.2136, metal, made by R. & W. Hawthorn, Leslie, & Co, Forth Banks Works, Newcastle on Tyne, England, 1889, used to power Sydney ferries 'Pheasant' and 'Karrabee' 1889-1936

Physical Description

Triple expansion marine steam engine and parts, full size, engine No.2136, metal, made by R. & W. Hawthorn, Leslie, & Co., Forth Banks Works, Newcastle on Tyne, England, 1889, used to power Sydney ferries 'Pheasant' and 'Karrabee' 1889-1936

Inverted vertical marine triple expansion steam engine. Fitted with three green-painted cylinders with slide valves. Piston rods, connecting rods and valve rods are bright. A green-painted condenser forms part of the cylinder support casting. The dimensions of the cylinder bores are: 279 mm (11 inches), 432 mm (17 inches) and 660 mm (26 inches). The stroke is 508 mm (20 inches). The operating steam pressure was 1102 kPa (160 pounds) and the engine developed approximately 40 nominal horsepower or 30 indicated horsepower.

Marks

'1889' stamped on a crankshaft web.

Dimensions

Height

4000 mm

Width

3000 mm

Weight

9144 kg

Production

Notes

This triple expansion marine engine serial number 2136 was manufactured in 1889 by R. & W. Hawthorn Leslie & Co. Newcastle on Tyne, England, at a cost of 2088 pounds 19 shillings and 4 pence against a contract price of 1115 pounds. Marine engines had been built at the Forth Banks works but this production was transferred to their St Peters works, opened in 1871. However, this engine, serial number 2136, was manufactured at the Forth Banks Works, the last engine manufactured there.

History

Notes

The engine was ordered from Hawthorn Leslie and Company by Mr Charles Edward Jeanneret (1834-1898) , Partner in and Manager of the Parramatta River Company. When received in 1889 the engine was installed in 'S.S Pheasant' a triple deck, single ended ferry capable of carrying 489 passengers. The 'Pheasant' was built by J. Pashley at Balmain in 1889. The engine was reputed to have been displayed at Sydney's 1879 International Exhibition. However, the engine was manufactured seven years after the Exhibition was destroyed by fire. Also, there is no reference to either "Hawthorn Leslie" or to large triple expansion marine engines in Norman Selfe's report on the machinery section of the 1879 Sydney International Exhibition.

The 'Pheasant' was sold along with the company to Philip B Walker who ran the company until 1893 when it was recapitalised as a limited liability company; "Parramatta RiverSteamers and Tramway Company". In 1900 the 'Pheasant' was sold to Sydney Ferries Ltd and was converted to a lighter in 1914. The engine was removed from the 'Pheasant' at this time and transferred in the Sydney Ferries Ltd newly built ferry, the 'Karrabee' that same year. In 1936 the 'Karrabee' was reengineed with a diesel and the triple expansion steam engine donated to the Museum.

Source

Credit Line

Gift of State Transit Sydney Ferries, 1936

Acquisition Date

18 November 1936

Cite this Object

Harvard

Steam engine by Forth Banks Works used to power Sydney ferries 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 22 October 2021, <https://ma.as/214584>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/214584 |title=Steam engine by Forth Banks Works used to power Sydney ferries |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=22 October 2021 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}