Ship model,sailing canoe Caroline islands.

The model is significant in showing the individual ?proa? form associated with the region. The term ?proa? being a general Melanesian/Micronesian/Polynesian term associated with multi hulled sailing vessels with two or more parallel hulls, usually of unequal lengths.
Haddon, A. C., and Hornell, J., “Canoes of Oceania, Vol.1, The Canoes of Polynesia, Fiji and Micronesia.? Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawaii, 99375-412.


Object No.


Physical Description

Ship model, sailing canoe with outrigger (outrigger missing), carved timber hull with upper sides sewn to hull, 2 curved poles to connect outrigger, 3 oars lashed to sides of hull, single mast & sail, Caroline Islands (OF). Sailing canoe (Prah or Proa) with outrigger, Caroline Islands. Rounded hull in one piece with high side strakes sewn to hull, model. Length 47cm (18 1/2") Width 2.5cm (1") Height 6.5cm (2 1/2"); Acc. No. 8892 (SB).



65 mm


25 mm


470 mm



Maker unknown



The Caroline sailing canoe used for long sea journeys and inter-island communication is the real "flying proa," a term which is more commonly used with Mariana Islands canoes.

The name ?flying proa? has been given due to the speed the vessel can achieve through the water, with speeds of up to 20 knots. A proa is a type of multihull sailing vessel being a vessel consisting of two usually unequal length parallel hulls, the smaller hull being the outrigger, with the two hulls connected by crossbeams (?akas?).The bow and stern of each individual stern are similarly contoured, but the contours of the two hulls are different. The Caroline canoe is similar to the Marianas canoe, both being essentially a single outrigger design, but the outrigger connection is more complex. The hull is typically axially asymmetric, essentially characteristic of Micronesian deep sea canoes, excepting those of the Palau islands. Also the Caroline canoe possesses a counterpoise platform built outboard on special booms projecting from the side opposite the outrigger. As the outrigger is always on the weather side, this second platform, balanced carefully in the cantilever principle against the weight of the outrigger and its decking, is termed the "lee" platform. It is sailed so that one hull is kept to windward, and the other to leeward, so that it needs to shunt to reverse direction when tacking.

Cite this Object


Ship model,sailing canoe Caroline islands. 2018, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 17 November 2018, <>


{{cite web |url= |title=Ship model,sailing canoe Caroline islands. |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=17 November 2018 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}


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