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B1465 Petrol pump, hand-powered, 'Hammond Visible', metal/nylon/glass, F Hammond / Latimers Ltd, Australia, c 1924.. Click to enlarge.

Hammond Visible hand-powered petrol pump, 1924

Designed
This is a hand-powered 'Hamond Visible' petrol pump made by F. Hammond/Latimers Ltd, Australia, in about 1924. By 1920 service stations and garages had opened in many Australian towns and were selling fuel from roadside pumps connected to underground storage tanks. We still use the name bowser for these pumps, after an early US maker. Hand-powered pumps like this one enabled the attendant to deliver a measured amount of fuel, from half a gallon to four gallons, to a customer's vehicle; the attendant used a hand lever to pump the fuel to the top of the bowser, and then allowed the fuel to fall into the vehicle's tank via a flexible hose. The visible display of fuel in the top section ensured customers that they were getting the fuel they paid for.

Some local authorities thought bowsers were ugly and dangerous and tried to have them banned. The Hammond petrol pump, an Australian invention introduced in June 1920, was a great improvement and made refuelling safer for service station attendants. Designed by Sydney engineer Frank Hammond and made in 1924 by Latimers Ltd, it pumped faster than its rivals and was one of the first to have a petrol-measuring display.

Electrically operated petrol pumps began replacing hand-powered pumps at service stations from 1938.

Margaret Simpson, 2 October 2007

Summary

Object No.

B1465

Object Statement

Petrol pump, hand-powered, 'Hammond Visible', metal/nylon/glass, F Hammond / Latimers Ltd, Australia, c 1924.

Physical Description

Petrol pump, hand-powered, 'Hammond Visible', metal/nylon/glass, F Hammond / Latimers Ltd, Australia, c 1924

-1 Petrol pump
-2 Globe
-3 Parts
-X Storage box for globe

Production

Notes

This petrol pump was patented by Frank Hammond in 1920 and made by Latimers Ltd, a manufacturing and marketing company of Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia.

History

Notes

The history of this pump before it was donated to the museum is unknown.

Source

Credit Line

Gift of the Shell Company, 1961

Acquisition Date

7 July 1961

Cite this Object

Harvard

Hammond Visible hand-powered petrol pump, 1924 2020, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 24 November 2020, <https://ma.as/207844>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/207844 |title=Hammond Visible hand-powered petrol pump, 1924 |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=24 November 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.