Reproduction Draisine or hobby horse bicycle

Made by Unknown (person), 1900-1920.

This bicycle is thought to be a well-made reproduction of the first type of rudimentary bicycle, known as the hobby horse. The most startling feature of this bicycle is that it has no pedals or cranks and the rider gained propulsion by merely pushing his feet along the ground. It was invented by the German-born Baron von Drais (1785-1851) and was patented in France in 1817. He called his invention the ‘running machine’ but to the French public it became known as a Draisine or Draisienne. It was ...

Summary

Object No.

B1257

Physical Description

Bicycle, reproduction, Draisine or 'hobby horse', timber / metal, maker unknown, before 1954

This a timber and iron framed bicycle has two timber wheels of equal size, with radial wooden spokes and iron tyres. Although steering from the front wheel is achievable, there are no pedals or brakes. There is a padded leather seat and a padded leather rest for the abdomen and elbows, which provided greater purchase when pushing off the ground with the feet.

Dimensions

Height

1020 mm

Depth

480 mm

Production

Notes

This type of bicycle was invented in 1817 by Charles Baron von Drais de Sauerbrun of Mannheim in Germany. It operates by 'leg power' only - the rider sits on it and runs, and it has no pedals and no brakes.

This reproduction Draisine was probably made early in the twentieth century.

Made

Unknown (person) 1900-1920

Designed

Charles, Baron von Drais de Sauerbrun c. 1820

History

Notes

The bicycle was purchased by the Museum in 1954. It was one of nine bicycles and tricycles from the collection of Richard G. J. Nash of Weybridge, Surrey, England. Richard Grainger Jeune Nash (1910-1966) was born in Ireland but grew up in Weybridge, Surrey. During the 1920s he became an automobile engineer at the famous Brooklands racetrack nearby. Brooklands was the world's first purpose-built motor racing circuit and opened in 1907. It was also the venue for early bicycle racing and soon attracted pioneering aviation manufacturing companies as well. In 1932 Nash established a hill climb record in his Frazer Nash, "The Terror", up the Brooklands test hill. During the 1930s he was actively building up a collection of old aircraft, automobiles and bicycles which was known as the International Horseless Carriage Corporation. In 1939 motor racing ceased at Brooklands and during the Second World War the site was taken over for military aircraft production.

In 1952 Nash offered to sell his entire collection of some 23 veteran cars, 46 pre-1900 bicycles and seven pre-1918 aircraft to the Museum. At that time his address was noted as The Beeches, Hangar Hill, Weybridge, Surrey. Nash had family members in Australia and apparently felt his collection would be of value to show the history of technology in the colonies. Because of the prohibitive transport costs from England to Australia, the Museum was only in a position to purchase 9 bicycles from the Nash collection. The Museum's Director, Mr A.R. Penfold, inspected the bicycles in a hangar/store at Brooklands while visiting England in 1953. The bicycles were subsequently shipped to Australia on board the "SS Orion". Unfortunately, the bicycles came with no provenance. Much of the remainder of the Nash collection appears to have been dispersed to museums throughout Britain.

After the War civilian aviation continued at Brooklands with several Concordes later built on the site. After the British Aerospace factory closed in 1986 the Brooklands Museum Trust was formed and a museum of the site opened in 1991.

Source

Credit Line

Purchased 1954

Acquisition Date

16 August 1954

Cite this Object

Harvard

Reproduction Draisine or hobby horse bicycle 2018, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 18 November 2018, <https://ma.as/207233>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/207233 |title=Reproduction Draisine or hobby horse bicycle |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=18 November 2018 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
This object is currently on display in Store 3 at the Museums Discovery Centre.

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.

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