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B1121 Model steam engine, vertical, A A Stewart collection, castings made by Stuart Turner Ltd, England, 1907-1950. Click to enlarge.

Model of a vertical steam engine

Made by Stuart Turner Ltd in Henley-on-Thames, England, 1907-1950.

The Powerhouse has collected ship, mechanical, botanical, medical and railway models from its inception. They were acquired for their educational value in outlining developments in various branches of science and were essential for communicating unique design features, complicated physical information, or new developments in a particular area of study. This was all the more important in Australia where isolation from many of these developments made seeing original specimens or full sized version...


Object No.


Object Statement

Model steam engine, vertical, A A Stewart collection, castings made by Stuart Turner Ltd, England, 1907-1950

Physical Description

Model steam engine, vertical, metal, A A Stewart collection, castings made by Stuart Turner Ltd., Henley-on-Thames, England, 1907-1950

Model of a single cylinder inverted vertical high speed steam engine made of metal. The model is finished in green and black, with the cylinder lagging being cased in blued steel.





150 mm


85 mm



The casting for this model steam engine was made by Stuart Turner Ltd in Henley-on-Thames, England between 1907-1950.

Today, the majority of Stuart Models castings are made using the shell moulding process. This involves mixing sand with Bakelite and placing it in a 'dump box' (an open topped box on trunnions). The pattern is pre-heated in an oven to around 400 degrees Fahrenheit, coated with a parting solution and placed face down on the dump box and clamped in position.The latter is inverted so that all the sand mixture drops onto the pattern. The hot sand-Bakelite is 'cooked' by the hot pattern for at least 15 seconds; the longer it is left the thicker the shell of sand. The dump box is then turned back and all the loose sand falls off. The pattern with the sand shell on it is then returned to the oven for a few minutes to harden the shell, which is then removed from the pattern.The other side of the shell is moulded similarly and then the two halves are attached either using metal clips or a special adhesive; the shell is then ready to pour. For more information see: Stuart Models, (Downloaded 24/1/2007).



Stuart Models was established in 1898 and today, is the oldest company in the world still producing a range of model steam engines. The founder of Stuart models was Stuart Turner who was born in 1868.


Credit Line

Purchased 1950

Acquisition Date

22 January 1950

Cite this Object


Model of a vertical steam engine 2018, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 24 March 2019, <>


{{cite web |url= |title=Model of a vertical steam engine |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=24 March 2019 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

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