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A4376 Rug, knotted pile, wool, Tekke Turkmen design, probably made in Bukhara, Uzbekistan (formerly part of the USSR), c.1950. Click to enlarge.

Turkmen design factory-produced carpet, Bukhara

    This rug with its Tekke Turkmen inspired design is an example of good quality 20th century Russian commercial rug production, and demonstrates the history of the rug-making tradition in Central Asia and its continuity during the Soviet period. The rug was made during the 5-year plan era, during which the Russians sought contra-deal exchanges of carpets and other commodities for food. Rugs of this type were the most expensive rugs on the market at that time, and this example was probably new …


    Object No.


    Object Statement

    Rug, knotted pile, wool, Tekke Turkmen design, probably made in Bukhara, Uzbekistan (formerly part of the USSR), c.1950

    Physical Description

    The rectangular knotted pile rug features an adaptation of a traditional Tekke Turkmen design, with 32 Tekke 'guls' in the main field and a palette of traditional, but synthetic colours - ie a range of reds, cream, black and dark blue.

    Bokhara rug, 6' 9" x 5'2" (LC)



    1635 mm



    The rug is made of machine-spun wool throughout and is hand-knotted using asymmetrical knots. The weaving is quite fine and the wool is of reasonable quality. However, as is typical of these mid 20th century commercial Russian factory-produced rugs, the design is overly regular and flat, lacking the vibrancy and movement of the Tekke Turkmen originals made by nomadic Tekke women but nevertheless showing the continuity of local design traditions in Central Asia during the Soviet period.



    The rug was purchased by the Museum in January 1952 from the Commercial Attache of the USSR Embassy in Canberra.


    Credit Line

    Purchased 1952

    Acquisition Date

    17 January 1952

    Cite this Object


    Turkmen design factory-produced carpet, Bukhara 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 27 October 2021, <>


    {{cite web |url= |title=Turkmen design factory-produced carpet, Bukhara |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=27 October 2021 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}