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97/2/5 Satellite, replica, Cosmos-782 (Bion), metal / wood / plastic, Exhibition Centre, USSR / Russian Academy of Sciences, c. 1957-1984. Click to enlarge.

Replica Cosmos-782 (Bion) satellite

Made
  • pre 1985
Satellite, replica, Cosmos-782 (Bion), metal, wood, plastic, Exhibition Centre, USSR/Russian Academy of Sciences, pre-1985. Full-scale replica of the Cosmos-782 biological research satelite, also known as Bion. Bion was the first satelite in an ongoing international program of biological research into the effects of microgravity on living organisms. The spacecraft consists of a spherical, polished metal main body, fitted with observation windows, with a short, cylindrical service module at one end, and a conical propulsion/service module at the other. This replica is fitted with an electrical system that allows internal illumination, highlighting the internal experimental apparatus, which includes models of the laboratory rats used on the spacecraft. Small fittings on this replica may be actual flight hardware, used instead of making reproductions of awkwardly-shaped parts. The replica stands on a large, v-shaped base, painted grey.

Summary

Object No.

97/2/5

Object Statement

Satellite, replica, Cosmos-782 (Bion), metal / wood / plastic, Exhibition Centre, USSR / Russian Academy of Sciences, c. 1957-1984

Physical Description

Satellite, replica, Cosmos-782 (Bion), metal, wood, plastic, Exhibition Centre, USSR/Russian Academy of Sciences, pre-1985. Full-scale replica of the Cosmos-782 biological research satelite, also known as Bion. Bion was the first satelite in an ongoing international program of biological research into the effects of microgravity on living organisms. The spacecraft consists of a spherical, polished metal main body, fitted with observation windows, with a short, cylindrical service module at one end, and a conical propulsion/service module at the other. This replica is fitted with an electrical system that allows internal illumination, highlighting the internal experimental apparatus, which includes models of the laboratory rats used on the spacecraft. Small fittings on this replica may be actual flight hardware, used instead of making reproductions of awkwardly-shaped parts. The replica stands on a large, v-shaped base, painted grey.

Dimensions

Height

3000 mm

Width

1500 mm

Production

Made

  • pre 1985

Notes

The original space probe, although unpiloted, was based on the Soyuz crewed spacecraft, itself originally designed by engineers working at the Korolyev Design Bureau, under the ultimate control of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. In the Soviet system, the term 'Design Bureau' denoted an academic/technical institute under the leadership of a senior scientist or engineer. There were several 'Design Bureaux' associated with the Soviet space program, each associated with different space projects, but responsible for both rocket and spacecraft development.

The Soyuz spacecraft, first introduced in 1967, remains the basic design for Soviet/Russian crewed spacecraft. It was the last piloted vehicle designed with direct input from Sergei Korolyev, who was a leading figure in the Soviet space program. It was common practice in the Soviet space program to adapt a succesful design for multiple uses, and the Soyuz design was re-used in a wide range of automated spacecraft, for both scientific and military purposes.

There was also input into the internal design and layout of the experimental apparatus from the Institute of Biomedical Problems, the Soviet research institute which oversaw all space-related life sciences and biological research.

This replica was manufactured in the workshops of the Exhibition Centre of the then-Soviet Academy of Sciences. The original spacecraft was manufactured in the workshops of the Korolyev Design Bureau.

No information has ever been provided by the USSR/Russian Academy of Sciences as to the actual construction date of any of the replicas lent to the museum. The proposed date is a best estimate, based on the evidence of prior display, before the material came to the Powerhouse. The original Cosmos-782 was constructed in 1975.

History

Notes

This replica was made by the Soviet Academy of Sciences for use in exhibitions about the Soviet space program, mounted outside the USSR. It is not known what previous exhibitions it may have been used in. The original Bion was developed by the USSR as part of its Cosmos series of scientific research satellites. The Cosmos series covered a wide range of scientific research, with the Bion program being one project within the larger series. The Bion program grew out of earlier Soviet space biological research, but was directly instituted as a result of the US/USSR Apollo-Soyuz mission in 1975. The Bion program was planned as an international collaborative research effort. Originally involving 7 nations, an expanded program continues to this day-the most recent launch was in December, 1996. Cosmos-782, the first Bion satellite, also represented the first time that American experiments were flown on a Soviet spacecraft. The satellite carried 14 experiments, including a centrifuge, and its live cargo included white rats, tortoises, flies, crayfish and a range of plant specimens. Cosmos-782 was launched on 25 November 1975 and touched down on 15 December.
Originally owned by the USSR Academy of Sciences. lent to the museum in 1987 as part of L2046. This entire collection was purchased by the museum in 1996.

Source

Credit Line

Purchased 1997

Acquisition Date

19 January 1997

Cite this Object

Harvard

Replica Cosmos-782 (Bion) satellite 2020, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 26 November 2020, <https://ma.as/157006>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/157006 |title=Replica Cosmos-782 (Bion) satellite |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=26 November 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.