The Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences acknowledges Australia’s First Nations Peoples as the Traditional Owners and Custodians of the land and gives respect to the Elders – past and present – and through them to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are advised that the MAAS website contains a range of Indigenous Cultural Material. This includes artworks, artifacts, images and recordings of people who may have passed away, and other objects which may be culturally sensitive.
97/2/14-16 Space food, organic / plastic / paper, Exhibition Center USSR / Russian Academy of Sciences, USSR, pre-1985. Click to enlarge.

Space food package

Made in USSR

Air sealed plastic packet containing eight rectangular brown biscuits, four on each side. Red and white paper label adhered to front and back with Russian Text.

Summary

Object No.

97/2/14-16

Object Statement

Space food, organic / plastic / paper, Exhibition Center USSR / Russian Academy of Sciences, USSR, pre-1985

Physical Description

Air sealed plastic packet containing eight rectangular brown biscuits, four on each side. Red and white paper label adhered to front and back with Russian Text.

Marks

Russian text reads 'SUGAR BISCUIT'

Dimensions

Height

12 mm

Width

45 mm

Production

Notes

Soviet/ Russian space food was and is developed by nutritionists and doctors at the Institute for Biomedical Problems, one of the space research institutes under the control of the Soviet/Russian Academy of Sciences. The first food was eaten in space on the Vostok-2 mission 6 August, 1961. Since that time, research and experimentation has gradually improved the quality, taste and nutritional value of Soviet/ Russian space food.

Space food is specifically developed to be eaten in the microgravity environment in orbit: it is compact, for easy storage, treated to prevent spoilage in an unrefrigerated environment, and held in special containers designed to reduce the possibility of floating crumbs, which can be a hazard to electrical circuits and equipment. Most space food is designed to be rehydrated before eating. Cosmonaut and astronaut meals are specially fortified with the vitamins and minerals that the body loses in weightlessness and are planned to provide a regular calorie intake each day. Space food is designed to be low-residue, to reduce bowel movement and flatulence.

The samples of original space foods were manufactured in the food processing facilities associated with the Institue of Biomedical Problems.

Designed

USSR

History

Notes

Space food has been consumed on every Soviet/Russian space flight since Vostok-2 in 1961. Cosmonauts on orbital missions select daily 4-meal menus from the available choices (over 100 different selections), balanced to ensure that they receive adequate calorie and vitamin intake. Space stations are launched with a supply of space foods stored on board, with additional supplies of processed space foods and fresh food being ferried up by Soyuz spacecraft or Progress automated supply vessels. The US Space Shuttle has also been used to resupply the Mir space station. Cosmonauts on board the space stations construct their own 4 meal per day menus from the available selections of fresh and processed space foods.
Originally owned by the USSR Academy of Sciences. lent to the museum in 1987 as part of L2046. This entire collection was purchased by the museum in 1996.

Cite this Object

Harvard

Space food package 2019, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 19 September 2019, <https://ma.as/156949>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/156949 |title=Space food package |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=19 September 2019 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

Know more about this object?

TELL US

Have a question about this object?

ASK US