The Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences acknowledges Australia’s First Nations Peoples as the Traditional Owners and Custodians of the land and gives respect to the Elders – past and present – and through them to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are advised that the MAAS website contains a range of Indigenous Cultural Material. This includes artworks, artifacts, images and recordings of people who may have passed away, and other objects which may be culturally sensitive.
2796 Botanical models (30), edible and inedible fungi, made by Dr Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux, France, 1880-1890. Click to enlarge.

Models of edible and inedible fungi, by Dr. Louis Auzoux

30 individual mushroom models, including examples of Agaricus and Boletus fungi. The models are fixed to a common base modelled as rock terrain with moss in crevices. Each fungus model is numbered, and labelled with its common name in French. Cardboard labels in English were added by the Museum. Some remain attached to the object and the rest are on file. 13 of the models are articulated, these split down the centre, held by a pin and metal hook.

The English labels read as follows:
1. SNAKE AGA...

Summary

Object No.

2796

Object Statement

Botanical models (30), edible and inedible fungi, made by Dr Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux, France, 1880-1890

Physical Description

30 individual mushroom models, including examples of Agaricus and Boletus fungi. The models are fixed to a common base modelled as rock terrain with moss in crevices. Each fungus model is numbered, and labelled with its common name in French. Cardboard labels in English were added by the Museum. Some remain attached to the object and the rest are on file. 13 of the models are articulated, these split down the centre, held by a pin and metal hook.

The English labels read as follows:
1. SNAKE AGARIC / Agaricus colubrinus / Bulliard / Edible
2. SNAKE AGARIC / Agaricus colubrinus (young) / Bulliard / Edible
3. COMMON FIELD AGARIC / Agaricus campestris / Bulliard / Edible
4. COMMON FIELD AGARIC / Agaricus campestris (young) / Bulliard / Edible
5. BULBOUS AGARIC / Agaricus bulbosus / Bulliard / Dangerous
6. BULBOUS AGARIC / Agaricus bulbosus (young) / Bulliard / Dangerous
7. EDIBLE (BALL OF SNOW) AGARIC / Agaricus / Bulliard / Edible
8. EDIBLE (BALL OF SNOW) AGARIC / Agaricus edulis (young) / Bulliard / Edible
9. TRUE ORANGE AGARIC / Agaricus aurantiacus / Bulliard / Edible
10. FALSE ORANGE AGARIC / Agaricus pseudaurantiacus / Bulliard / Poisonous
11. PYROGALE AGARIC / Agaricus / Poisonous
12. Label missing.
13. ENTICING AGARIC / Agaricus cantharellus / Bulliard / Edible
14. VIOLET AGARIC / Agaricus nudus / Cordier / Edible
15. DELICIOUS AGARIC / Agaricus deliciosus / Cordier / Edible
16. MOUSE AGARIC / Agaricus vaginatus / Cordier / Edible
17. AGARIC / Agaricus rubescens / Batsch. / Suspected
18. COMMON BOLETUS / Boletus communis / Bulliard / Edible
19. EDIBLE BOLETUS / Boletus edulis / Bulliard / Edible
20. REDDISH BOLETUS / Boletus / Suspected
21. Label missing.
22. WAVY HYDNUM / Hydnum repandum / Linne / Edible
23. HORN OF PLENTY HELVELLA / Helvella cornucopoides / Bulliard
24. MITRED HELVELLA / Helvella cornucopioides / Bulliard / Edible
25. YELLOW MOREL / Morchella esculenta / Bulliard / Edible
26. BLACK MOREL / Morchella nigra / Bulliard / Edible
27. IMPURE MOREL / Phallus impudicus / Bulliard / Suspected
28. IMPURE MOREL / Phallus impudicus / Bulliard / Suspected
29. PUFF-BALL / Lycoperdon proteus / Bulliard / Suspected
30. GLAZED NEDULARY / Nudillaria vernicosa / Bulliard / Suspected

Production

Notes

Although this model has no maker's mark, it is identical to the model illustrated in the firm's catalogue (See the Catalogue in the Museum's collection, 2005/213/1, which includes full table of all fungi names and details and illustration page 49-50).

Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux (1797-1878) began making anatomical models from papier mache in 1826 when, training to be a doctor, he became aware of the difficulty of teaching anatomy using human cadavers. Models in wax were available but were very expensive. In contrast, papier mache was comparatively inexpensive, stable and able to be easily moulded. Furthermore, it was strong enough to allow each model to be taken apart to show the arrangement of organs, ''to be removed one by one, just like when dissecting'. By 1833 Auzoux had established a factory in the village of Saint-Aubin d'Ecrossville that manufactured a range of anatomical, zoological and botanical models for sale to medical schools, colleges and museums. Over the next century and a half the range increased to some 600 models, the majority zoological and botanical, with 100 relating to human anatomy. For many years the Auzoux family had a shop in the Rue du medecine in Paris. the shop finally closed in the 1990s and the contents were sold at auction on 22 October 1998.

History

Notes

The Museum purchased a group of models from Dr Auzoux in November of 1883.

During the 1880s the Museum made a number of purchases of botanical and zoological models from the Parisian company of Dr Auzoux. At the time these models were expensive but the then curator, Henry Maiden, may well have been influenced in purchasing them by the recommendation of his friend and mentor, the English philanthropist Thomas Twining. Twining published widely on museums and their contents and recommended Auzoux's anatomical models.

Source

Credit Line

Purchased 1883

Acquisition Date

23 November 1883

Cite this Object

Harvard

Models of edible and inedible fungi, by Dr. Louis Auzoux 2016, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 20 August 2019, <https://ma.as/13349>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/13349 |title=Models of edible and inedible fungi, by Dr. Louis Auzoux |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=20 August 2019 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
This object is currently on display in Store 4 at the Museums Discovery Centre.

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.

Know more about this object?

TELL US

Have a question about this object?

ASK US