The Powerhouse acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of the ancestral homelands upon which our museums are situated. We respect their Elders, past, present and future and recognise their continuous connection to Country.
2796 Botanical models (30), edible and inedible fungi, made by Dr Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux, France, 1880-1890. Click to enlarge.

Models of edible and inedible fungi, by Dr. Louis Auzoux

    30 individual mushroom models, including examples of Agaricus and Boletus fungi. The models are fixed to a common base modelled as rock terrain with moss in crevices. Each fungus model is numbered, and labelled with its common name in French. Cardboard labels in English were added by the Museum. Some remain attached to the object and the rest are on file. 13 of the models are articulated, these split down the centre, held by a pin and metal hook.

    The English labels read as follows:
    1. SNAKE …

    Summary

    Object No.

    2796

    Object Statement

    Botanical models (30), edible and inedible fungi, made by Dr Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux, France, 1880-1890

    Physical Description

    30 individual mushroom models, including examples of Agaricus and Boletus fungi. The models are fixed to a common base modelled as rock terrain with moss in crevices. Each fungus model is numbered, and labelled with its common name in French. Cardboard labels in English were added by the Museum. Some remain attached to the object and the rest are on file. 13 of the models are articulated, these split down the centre, held by a pin and metal hook.

    The English labels read as follows:
    1. SNAKE AGARIC / Agaricus colubrinus / Bulliard / Edible
    2. SNAKE AGARIC / Agaricus colubrinus (young) / Bulliard / Edible
    3. COMMON FIELD AGARIC / Agaricus campestris / Bulliard / Edible
    4. COMMON FIELD AGARIC / Agaricus campestris (young) / Bulliard / Edible
    5. BULBOUS AGARIC / Agaricus bulbosus / Bulliard / Dangerous
    6. BULBOUS AGARIC / Agaricus bulbosus (young) / Bulliard / Dangerous
    7. EDIBLE (BALL OF SNOW) AGARIC / Agaricus / Bulliard / Edible
    8. EDIBLE (BALL OF SNOW) AGARIC / Agaricus edulis (young) / Bulliard / Edible
    9. TRUE ORANGE AGARIC / Agaricus aurantiacus / Bulliard / Edible
    10. FALSE ORANGE AGARIC / Agaricus pseudaurantiacus / Bulliard / Poisonous
    11. PYROGALE AGARIC / Agaricus / Poisonous
    12. Label missing.
    13. ENTICING AGARIC / Agaricus cantharellus / Bulliard / Edible
    14. VIOLET AGARIC / Agaricus nudus / Cordier / Edible
    15. DELICIOUS AGARIC / Agaricus deliciosus / Cordier / Edible
    16. MOUSE AGARIC / Agaricus vaginatus / Cordier / Edible
    17. AGARIC / Agaricus rubescens / Batsch. / Suspected
    18. COMMON BOLETUS / Boletus communis / Bulliard / Edible
    19. EDIBLE BOLETUS / Boletus edulis / Bulliard / Edible
    20. REDDISH BOLETUS / Boletus / Suspected
    21. Label missing.
    22. WAVY HYDNUM / Hydnum repandum / Linne / Edible
    23. HORN OF PLENTY HELVELLA / Helvella cornucopoides / Bulliard
    24. MITRED HELVELLA / Helvella cornucopioides / Bulliard / Edible
    25. YELLOW MOREL / Morchella esculenta / Bulliard / Edible
    26. BLACK MOREL / Morchella nigra / Bulliard / Edible
    27. IMPURE MOREL / Phallus impudicus / Bulliard / Suspected
    28. IMPURE MOREL / Phallus impudicus / Bulliard / Suspected
    29. PUFF-BALL / Lycoperdon proteus / Bulliard / Suspected
    30. GLAZED NEDULARY / Nudillaria vernicosa / Bulliard / Suspected

    Production

    Notes

    Although this model has no maker's mark, it is identical to the model illustrated in the firm's catalogue (See the Catalogue in the Museum's collection, 2005/213/1, which includes full table of all fungi names and details and illustration page 49-50).

    Louis Thomas Jerome Auzoux (1797-1878) began making anatomical models from papier mache in 1826 when, training to be a doctor, he became aware of the difficulty of teaching anatomy using human cadavers. Models in wax were available but were very expensive. In contrast, papier mache was comparatively inexpensive, stable and able to be easily moulded. Furthermore, it was strong enough to allow each model to be taken apart to show the arrangement of organs, ''to be removed one by one, just like when dissecting'. By 1833 Auzoux had established a factory in the village of Saint-Aubin d'Ecrossville that manufactured a range of anatomical, zoological and botanical models for sale to medical schools, colleges and museums. Over the next century and a half the range increased to some 600 models, the majority zoological and botanical, with 100 relating to human anatomy. For many years the Auzoux family had a shop in the Rue du medecine in Paris. the shop finally closed in the 1990s and the contents were sold at auction on 22 October 1998.

    History

    Notes

    The Museum purchased a group of models from Dr Auzoux in November of 1883.

    During the 1880s the Museum made a number of purchases of botanical and zoological models from the Parisian company of Dr Auzoux. At the time these models were expensive but the then curator, Henry Maiden, may well have been influenced in purchasing them by the recommendation of his friend and mentor, the English philanthropist Thomas Twining. Twining published widely on museums and their contents and recommended Auzoux's anatomical models.

    Source

    Credit Line

    Purchased 1883

    Acquisition Date

    22 November 1883

    Cite this Object

    Harvard

    Models of edible and inedible fungi, by Dr. Louis Auzoux 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 29 July 2021, <https://ma.as/13349>

    Wikipedia

    {{cite web |url=https://ma.as/13349 |title=Models of edible and inedible fungi, by Dr. Louis Auzoux |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=29 July 2021 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}

    Incomplete

    This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.