Flounce, Venetian Gros Point needle lace, linen, maker unknown, Italy, 1650 - 1675

Made 1650 - 1675

Flounce, Venetian Gros Point needle lace, maker unknown, Italy, 1665-1675

This flounce of unbleached linen was made to a typical baroque design of scrolling branches terminating in elaborate stylised flower heads or leaves which were further embellished with raised work, creating a sculptural effect. The design elements fit together very closely so that very few joining bars are necessary. The headside is basically straight, although decorated, and the footside is worked over one edge of a bobb...

Summary

93/27/8
This flounce of cream linen was made to a typical baroque design of scrolling branches terminating in elaborate stylised flower heads or leaves which are embellished with raised work. The design elements fit together very closely so that very few joining bars are necessary. The headside is basically straight, although decorated and the footside is attached to a bobbin lace engrelure.

Dimensions

190 mm
3000 mm

Production

The separate motifs fit together very closely so that very few joining bars are necessary. The bobbin lace engrelure (a simple narrow lace which protected the more precious needle lace from damage when it was transferred from one garment to another) was incorporated in the footside edge when the lace was made rather than being a later addition. This was the general practice for needle lace at this time.
Simple, double and triple twisted buttonhole stitches are used to create different textures within the plain areas, and to create different stitch patterns in the more open areas. Patterns are created by leaving out stitches at pre-determined intervals - a technique known as 'voided patterning'. All the shapes have a heavy cordonnet at their edges. Minor elements have a plain cordonnet, while flower heads and some leaves have a heavier tapered cordonnet, which is decorated with buttonholed loops. The few joining bars (brides) are made up of two buttonholed bars side by side, some ornamented by picots. (These may have been worked at the same time as the cordonnet was buttonholed.)

SEM analysis shows that the lace and its engrelure are made of a linen/cotton blend.
The following laces were subjected to SEM analysis by Angharad Rixon in 2001: 24 laces in all

91/2064
93/27/1
93/27/2
93/27/3
93/27/4
93/27/5
93/27/6
93/27/7
93/27/8
A8960
A8961
A9148 -4
A9148-9/1
A9148-10
A9148-11
A9148-14a
A924814b
A9148-15
A9148-16
H3771
H3891
H5111-80
H5111- 81
H6419
1650 - 1675

Source

Purchased 1993
15 February, 1993

Cite this Object

Flounce, Venetian Gros Point needle lace, linen, maker unknown, Italy, 1650 - 1675 2015, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 27 June 2017, <https://ma.as/132848>
{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/132848 |title=Flounce, Venetian Gros Point needle lace, linen, maker unknown, Italy, 1650 - 1675 |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=27 June 2017 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
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