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92/107-2 Pendant and chain, Anti-Vietnam War, metal, maker unknown, Australia, 1970-1971. Click to enlarge.

Vietnam Moratorium logo pendant

Made
While badges featuring the symbol of the Australian Moratorium movement were produced in their tens of thousands, this metal pendant in that shape is a rare memento. The Vietnam Moratorium protests in 1970 were the largest public demonstrations in Australia's history at the time. They represented growing opposition to the government's commitment to the Vietnam War in general and conscription in particular. The protests took place during a period of great social change in Australia, when people …

Summary

Object No.

92/107-2

Object Statement

Pendant and chain, Anti-Vietnam War, metal, maker unknown, Australia, 1970-1971

Physical Description

A metal chain with an attached pendant in the shape of the Vietnam Moratorium logo, a twelve spoked stylised star around a cental hole.

This pendant is in the shape of the Australian Moratorium symbol. Although generally described as a stylised sunburst, the symbol is said by John Percy in his book 'History of the Democratic Socialist Party and Resistance' to have been initially a circle of "V"s, designed by Ken McLeod, Convenor of the New South Wales Moratorium. Protesters in America used two fingers in a V with the palm of the hand facing out as a symbol of peace. The design was identical, either by accident or inspiration, to the Ilford photographic company logo, so the font was changed under threat of legal action.

Marks

Engraved into the back of the pendant 'MORATORIUM'.

Production

Made

History

Notes

Australia sent 50,000 troops to Vietnam from 1962 to 1972. The Government's rationale was to stop the spread of communism and strengthen ties with the United States, our most important strategic ally. The National Service Act 1964 required 20-year-old males, if selected, to serve in the Army for a period of twenty-four months of continuous service (reduced to eighteen months in 1971), and then three years in the Reserve. The Defence Act was amended the following year to provide that conscripts could serve overseas. Over 63,000 men were conscripted by ballot and over 19,000 served in Vietnam. For much of the war, opinion polls showed that most Australians were against conscripts serving in Vietnam even though they broadly supported the war itself.

When Prime Minister Harold Holt visited Washington in 1966 he told President Lyndon . Johnson that Australia was 'all the way with LBJ'. Initially, the public and media supported Australia's involvement. However the Labor Party, the more militant unions and a variety of anti-war groups were opposed.

Cite this Object

Harvard

Vietnam Moratorium logo pendant 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 14 June 2021, <https://ma.as/119234>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/119234 |title=Vietnam Moratorium logo pendant |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=14 June 2021 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
This object is currently on display in Transport at the Museums Discovery Centre.