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10089 Botanical model, Aquilegia vulgaris, Ranunculaseae (fruit of Columbine), mixed media, Dr Auzoux, Paris, France, c. 1880. Click to enlarge.

Model of Columbine fruit

Made by Auzoux, Louis in Paris, France, c 1880.

Aquilegia vulgaris fruit; Ranunculaseae (SB). Models of various orders of plants Fruit of Columbine (Acquelgia vulgaris) (LC). Black square wooden base with damaged paper label. Original museum label separate 50 by 90 mm. Iron pin supports dark green stem tapering to five 260mm long seed pods. Outer casing of seed pods dark green with dark braon veining, including a central vein which protrudes beyond tip of pod. All supporte dby thin wire and slightly bent, damaged at tips. On pod articulated....

Summary

Object No.

10089

Object Statement

Botanical model, Aquilegia vulgaris, Ranunculaseae (fruit of Columbine), mixed media, Dr Auzoux, Paris, France, c. 1880

Physical Description

Aquilegia vulgaris fruit; Ranunculaseae (SB). Models of various orders of plants Fruit of Columbine (Acquelgia vulgaris) (LC).

Black square wooden base with damaged paper label. Original museum label separate 50 by 90 mm. Iron pin supports dark green stem tapering to five 260mm long seed pods. Outer casing of seed pods dark green with dark braon veining, including a central vein which protrudes beyond tip of pod. All supporte dby thin wire and slightly bent, damaged at tips. On pod articulated. Held by metal hook, pod splits at central vein. One white paper label. Calyx is lighted green with black, yellow edged dots. Inside pods are light green with brown veins and four visible dark brown seeds on each side of pod. All parts in good condition. Slight tear in outer paint of one pod.

Dimensions

Height

580 mm

Width

150 mm

Depth

200 mm

Production

Notes

Louis Thomas Jerome AUZOUX (1797-1880) Born in Normandy, Louis Auzoux obtained a medical degree in 1818 and was appointed to the surgical department of the Hotel-Dieu, with celebrated Dupuytren, the 'Napoleon of surgery.'

The shortage of anatomical teaching materials prompted Auzoux, a year later, to begin experimenting with making models. . Models in wax were available but were very expensive. In contrast, papier mache was comparatively inexpensive, stable and able to be easily moulded. Furthermore, it was strong enough to allow each model to be taken apart to show the arrangement of organs, 's'enlever une a une comme une veritable dissection'. Noting the techniques of Parisian doll and puppet makers, Auzoux developed a paper paste, which allowed papier-mache models to harden as a solid, supple, light and durable object. This improved upon the early papier-mache techniques of Francois Ameline. Auzoux created models, which could be taken to pieces and reassembled, with each part labelled, showing internal anatomy. He called these models Anatomie clastique and designed them for both lay and expert audiences.

In 1822 he presented a life-sized model of the human pelvis at the Academie Royale de Medicine, and from 1825 commissions from educational institutions flooded in - requesting human, botanical and veterinary models. Auzoux opened a small factory, in Saint Aubin d'Ecrosville, in 1828, soon employing 100 workers. In 1833, Auzoux established a shop in the rue du Poan in Paris. Over the next century and a half the range increased to some 600 models, the majority zoological and botanical with 100 relating to human anatomy. For many years the Auzoux family had a shop in the Rue du medecine in Paris. The shop finally closed in the 1990s and the contents were sold at auction on 22 October 1998.

The models are made with a grey paper pulp, containing granular particles and short fibres. Flax is added to the pulp for models of insect parts, veins and nerves. Auzoux used moulds made from plaster and, later, innovative antimony moulds for the solid parts of the models. Plaster coats the outside for strength and to provide a base for the paint. The paint is protein-based egg tempera and is protected by a layer of Russian fish glue for models made before 1917, and wood varnish for models made afterwards.

The system of labelling was another of Auzoux's innovations: Labels with pointing hands and numbers show where the parts of the model may be disassembled. Anatomical names of the different model parts form a second order in the hierarchy of the anatomy. A third order is the small round numbered labels appearing on some parts, the associated description of which appeared in the accompanying catalogue.

See B.W.J. Goob, 'The Anatomical Models of Dr Louis Auzoux' A Descriptive Catalogue (Leiden: Museum Boerhaave Communication 305, 2004)

History

Notes

Purchased by catalogue.

Source

Credit Line

Purchased 1885

Acquisition Date

8 October 1885

Cite this Object

Harvard

Model of Columbine fruit 2019, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 17 February 2020, <https://ma.as/115>

Wikipedia

{{cite web |url=https://ma.as/115 |title=Model of Columbine fruit |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=17 February 2020 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}
This object is currently on display in Collection Gallery 4 at the Museums Discovery Centre.

Incomplete

This object record is currently incomplete. Other information may exist in a non-digital form. The Museum continues to update and add new research to collection records.

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