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2001/53/1 Square piano, timber & metal, Collard & Collard, England, 1860-1865. Click to enlarge.

Square piano made by Collard & Collard

This piano represents one of the last models of square pianos to be produced in England.

The square piano was a significant development in piano design as it was the style built buy the first makers of the English piano tradition such as Johann Christoph Zumpe who began making pianos in London in the early 1760s. The square piano was more of a domestic instrument compared to the grand piano however by about the 1840s cottage upright pianos were becoming more popular for domestic use in …


Object No.


Object Statement

Square piano, timber & metal, Collard & Collard, England, 1860-1865

Physical Description

Square piano, timber & metal, Collard & Collard, England, 1860-1865.

Square semi grand piano by Collard and Collard featuring a rosewood veneered case, part iron frame and a compass of six and three quarter octaves. The central music stand features ornate carved fretwork which is also repeated in two fretwork panels laid horizontally above the strings and the soundboard. A two-piece hinged lid covers the entire top of the piano and includes a front hinged flap that acts as a keyboard fall. The lid can be opened and supported on a stick to increase volume.

The piano includes overstringing of the majority of strings with 17 bichord strings of the bass register. This is possibly a feature included for hot climates and briefly described in the 1862 International Exhibition "Reports by the Juries", (Society of Arts, London, 1863). The bottom of the case has four solid tapered legs with carved decorative capitals. Each leg is set on a white castor. Two reinforcing bars run at right angles to the strings inside the instrument. A pedal lyre holds a single pedal.


Makers name above the keyboard reads; "Collard & Collard" in gold Germanic print within decorative surround.

Larger internal label reads;

"Directions For Taking Out The Mechanism/Collard & Collard's/New Square Semi Grand Piano Forte.

The action of this Instrument is entire like that of/the Horizontal Grand Piano Forte. No Key is to be/taken out separately but the whole Mechanism is to be/withdrawn together by removing two screws in the front/part of the bottom of the Instrument. A small piece of Iron/will be found in the Key board behind the Key slip which/being laid hold of with a pair of Plyers the whole action/may be readily withdrawn and as easily regulated."



1000 mm


2000 mm


1000 mm



Designed by Collard and Collard of London. This piano represents one of the last models of square pianos to be produced in England as by this period (1860s) their use as a domestic instrument had largely been overtaken by the popularity of the upright piano. This model possibly also shows the oblique stringing thought to have been developed for hot climates suggesting this instrument may have been specifically built as an export model.

Made by Collard and Collard of London, 1860-1865.

Possibly 1860-1865



Owned by the donor's family since the late nineteenth century in Australia. It is unknown how the instrument originally came into the family and whether it came direct from England at this time or had been in Australia earlier than this. The donor notes that it was in the house of his mother's grandmother in Mosman, NSW from about the 1890s.


Credit Line

Gift of the Estate of Jean Flavelle Davies

Acquisition Date

3 July 2001

Cite this Object


Square piano made by Collard & Collard 2021, Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, accessed 24 May 2022, <>


{{cite web |url= |title=Square piano made by Collard & Collard |author=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences |access-date=24 May 2022 |publisher=Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences, Australia}}